(Macromycetes)
(larger fungi, macrofungi)

Subtaxon Example images Rank Subtaxa
with images
No of
ID refs
Apothecium - top view (Click to view)in situ - growing out of bank - looking down the bank (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view (Click to view)In situ (Click to view)
Family 11 illustrated subtaxa 9 ident. refs
Fruitbody - top view (Click to view)Apothecium - oblique view (Click to view)Fruitbody - top view (Click to view)Fruitbodies on wet breeze blocks (Click to view)Fruitbody - underside (Click to view)In situ (Click to view)Apothecium (Click to view)Fruitbodies - in situ (Click to view)Apothecia - top view (Click to view)
Genus 21 illustrated subtaxa 19 ident. refs
Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe - lain down (Click to view)Cap - top view (Click to view)Fruitbody - lain down (Click to view)Fruitbody - lain down (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view showing cap (Click to view)Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbodies - side view  - in situ (Click to view)Top view (Click to view)Cap (Click to view)Fruitbody lain down to show cap (Click to view)Cap (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view showing stipe and gills - lain down (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view (Click to view)Fruitbodies - top view (Click to view)Cap underside (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view - in situ - base exposed (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view (Click to view)Cap (Click to view)Fruitbody - top view - in situ (Click to view)Cap - half dry (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view (Click to view)Fruitbody (Click to view)Fruitbody - half dry - underside view (Click to view)Fruitbodies - side view (Click to view)Cap (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe - lain down (Click to view)Fruitbody (Click to view)
Order 1,242 illustrated subtaxa 1,627 ident. refs
Fruitbody - side view showing cap (Click to view)Fruitbody - young - stipe apex and gills (Click to view)Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down (Click to view)
Family 145 illustrated subtaxa 155 ident. refs
Thick-walled hairs from top surface (Click to view)Fruitbody - half dry - underside view (Click to view)
Family 3 illustrated subtaxa 6 ident. refs
in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)
Family 12 illustrated subtaxa 20 ident. refs
Fruitbody - top view - close-up - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view - in situ (Click to view)Cap (Click to view)Fruitbody with forked stipe - side view showing gills - lain down (Click to view)Colony - top view (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - side view (Click to view)First specimen - cap - in situ (Click to view)
Family 70 illustrated subtaxa 121 ident. refs
Fruitbody (Click to view)Fruitbodies - top view (Click to view)
Family 4 illustrated subtaxa 3 ident. refs
Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ (Click to view)
Family 7 illustrated subtaxa 13 ident. refs
Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)
Family 4 illustrated subtaxa 5 ident. refs
Fruitbody (Click to view)Fruitbody - cap (Click to view)Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)Clamp connection in cap tomentum (Click to view)
Order 47 illustrated subtaxa 62 ident. refs
Fruitbody (Click to view)
Order 5 illustrated subtaxa 11 ident. refs
Fruitbody - oblique view (Click to view)Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody (Click to view)Brackets - under surface - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - underside -  in situ (Click to view)Pores (Click to view)Bracket - top view (Click to view)
Family 32 illustrated subtaxa 46 ident. refs
Reared fruitbody (Click to view)Fruitbodies - in situ (Click to view)
Order 10 illustrated subtaxa 19 ident. refs
Fruitbody (Click to view)Fruitbody - mature - gills - upturned (Click to view)Bracket - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - underside (Click to view)Fruitbody (Click to view)Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ (Click to view)Fruitbody - in situ (Click to view)
Order 184 illustrated subtaxa 230 ident. refs
Fruitbody - side view (Click to view)Fruitbody (Click to view)
Order 33 illustrated subtaxa 60 ident. refs
Taxonomic hierarchy:
Informal(Macromycetes) (larger fungi, macrofungi)
KingdomFUNGI (true fungi)
DomainEukaryota (eukaryotes)
LifeBIOTA (living things)

Identification Works

BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 3,065 general literature references relevant to (Macromycetes) (larger fungi, macrofungi)

(Macromycetes) (larger fungi, macrofungi) may also be covered by identification literature listed under the following higher taxa:

BioInfoBioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 9,223 host/parasite/foodplant and/or other relationships for (Macromycetes) (larger fungi, macrofungi)
Fungal specimens are best preserved by drying.

Most people use gentle warmth which can be as simple as the top of a radiator, although purpose-built driers such as those sold for drying fruit give the best results. Large fleshy species can be placed in the air stream from a fan heater for fast, effective results even with fragile species like inkcaps.

The time taken to dry varies with the method, but can be overnight for small to medium toadstools, or longer for large toadstools or brackets. Large toadstools can become sealed by a dry layer on the outside, but leaving them at room temperature for a day allows the remaining moisture to soften this skin so drying can be resumed

Specimens are dry when they become very light weight. Then it's best to leave them at room temperature for a day to soften up, otherwise they can be very fragile.

Spore prints should be left to dry at room temperature for 10 or 15 minutes. They can then be protected by wrapping in aluminium foil if you wish. They should be kept with the dried specimen.

A month in a domestic freezer at -18°C will kill insect pests and avoid introducing them to the herbarium.

Dried material keeps reasonably well but is attacked by a variety of pests, especially booklice and mites, and to a lesser extent museum/carpet beetles. If allowed to breed unchecked they'll reduce Russula spp to dust and strip the hymenium off everything else including ascomycetes.

Dried material is conventionally stored in paper envelopes, but this gives no protection from insects, so the envelopes need to be stored in batches in sealable plastic bags or boxes. Avoid storing the specimens directly in individual plastic bags as static electricity from handling the bags will make extracting the dried material all but impossible.

Many people do routinely freeze their herbarium from time to time to keep it free of pests.
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