BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

TRICHOLOMATACEAE R. Heim ex Pouzar (a family of toadstools)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Family)

Arrhenia Fr. (a genus of toadstools)
Arrhenia acerosa (Moss Oysterling), eg: Arrhenia acerosa (Moss Oysterling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills Arrhenia peltigerina (a lichenicolous toadstool), eg: Arrhenia peltigerina (a lichenicolous toadstool) - Fruitbody - underside view showing gills Arrhenia retiruga (a cyphelloid fungus), eg: Arrhenia retiruga (a cyphelloid fungus) - Fruitbodies - tops Arrhenia rickenii (a toadstool), eg: Arrhenia rickenii (a toadstool) - Fruitbodies - side view Arrhenia sphagnicola (a toadstool), eg: Arrhenia sphagnicola (a toadstool) - Cap
Genus 8 subtaxa 11 ident refs
Callistosporium luteo-olivaceum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Singer (a toadstool) Species   1 ident refs
Callistosporium pinicola (a toadstool) Species   2 ident refs
Cantharellula Singer (a genus of toadstools)
Genus 1 subtaxon 3 ident refs
Clitocybe (Fr.) Staude (funnel caps)
Clitocybe costata (a funnel cap), eg: Clitocybe costata (a funnel cap) - Cap Clitocybe fragrans (Fragrant Funnel), eg: Clitocybe fragrans (Fragrant Funnel) - Cap - in situ Clitocybe geotropa (Trooping Funnel), eg: Clitocybe geotropa (Trooping Funnel) - Fruitbody - side view Clitocybe gibba (Common Funnel), eg: Clitocybe gibba (Common Funnel) - Cap - in situ Clitocybe nebularis (Clouded Funnel, Clouded Agaric), eg: Clitocybe nebularis var. alba (Clouded Agaric - White Form) - Cap - in situ Clitocybe odora (Aniseed Funnel, Aniseed Toadstool), eg: Clitocybe odora (Aniseed Funnel, Aniseed Toadstool) - Cap - in situ Clitocybe phaeophthalma (Chicken Run Funnel), eg: Clitocybe phaeophthalma (Chicken Run Funnel) - Cap - in situ Clitocybe phyllophila (Frosted Funnel, Frosty Funnel), eg: Clitocybe phyllophila (Frosted Funnel, Frosty Funnel) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Clitocybe rivulosa (Fool's Funnel), eg: Clitocybe rivulosa (Fool's Funnel) - Cap - dry Clitocybe sinopica (a funnel cap), eg: Clitocybe sinopica (a funnel cap) - Cap suface Clitocybe subspadicea (a funnel cap), eg: Clitocybe subspadicea (a funnel cap) - Young fruitbodies - lain down Clitocybe vibecina (Mealy Funnel), eg: Clitocybe vibecina (Mealy Funnel) - Fruitbody - half-dry
Genus 25 subtaxa 28 ident refs
Collybia (Fr.) Staude (shanklet toadstools)
Collybia butyracea (Butter Cap), eg: Collybia butyracea var. butyracea (Butter Cap) - Fruitbody - half dry - top view - close-up - in situ Collybia confluens (Clustered Toughshank), eg: Collybia confluens (Clustered Toughshank) - Cap underside Collybia distorta (a toadstool), eg: Collybia distorta (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Collybia dryophila (Russet Toughshank), eg: Collybia dryophila (Russet Toughshank) - Collection Collybia erythropus (Redleg Toughshank), eg: Collybia erythropus (Redleg Toughshank) - Lain down - side view Collybia fusipes (Spindle Toughshank), eg: Collybia fusipes (Spindle Toughshank) - Side view and cap Collybia ocior (a toadstool), eg: Collybia ocior (a toadstool) - Cap Collybia peronata (Wood Woollyfoot), eg: Collybia peronata (Wood Woollyfoot) - Fruitbodies - in situ Collybia tuberosa (Lentil Shanklet), eg: Collybia tuberosa (Lentil Shanklet) - Fruitbodies - side view - and sclerotium
Genus 19 subtaxa 30 ident refs
Conchomyces bursiformis (Berk.) E. Horak (an oyster fungus) Species   1 ident refs
Delicatula integrella (Pers.) Fayod (a toadstool) Species   2 ident refs
Dendrocollybia racemosa (Pers.) R.H. Petersen & Redhead (Branched Shanklet)
Caps and conidiophores - in situ
Species   2 ident refs
Dermoloma J.E. Lange ex Herink (a genus of toadstools)
Dermoloma cuneifolium (Crazed Cap), eg: Dermoloma cuneifolium (Crazed Cap) - Cap Dermoloma josserandii (a toadstool), eg: Dermoloma josserandii var. phaeopodium (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - side view to show gills and stipe Unidentified Dermoloma (Unidentified A Genus Of Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Dermoloma (Unidentified A Genus Of Toadstools) - Fruitbody - side view
Genus 5 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Fayodia anthracobia (J. Favre) Knudsen (a toadstool) Species   1 ident refs
Fayodia bisphaerigera (J.E. Lange) Singer (a toadstool) Species   3 ident refs
Gamundia striatula (Kühner) Raithelh. (a toadstool)
Fruitbodies
Species   1 ident refs
Lepista (Fr.) W.G. Sm. (a genus of toadstools)
Lepista flaccida (Tawny Funnel), eg: Lepista flaccida (Tawny Funnel) - Cap - in situ Lepista irina (Flowery Blewits), eg: Lepista irina (Flowery Blewits) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap Lepista nuda (Wood Blewits), eg: Lepista nuda (Wood Blewits) - Cap Lepista panaeolus (a toadstool), eg: Lepista panaeolus (a toadstool) - Fruitbodies - side views showing gills Lepista saeva (Field Blewit, Blue Leg), eg: Lepista saeva (Field Blewit, Blue Leg) - Cap and side view Lepista sordida (a blewits), eg: Lepista sordida var. ianthina (a blewits) - Fruitbodies - top view - in situ
Genus 9 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Leucocortinarius bulbiger (Alb. & Schwein.) Singer (White Webcap) Species   2 ident refs
Leucopaxillus Boursier (a genus of funnels)
Leucopaxillus giganteus (Giant Funnel), eg: Leucopaxillus giganteus (Giant Funnel) - Fruitbodies - lain down to show gills and stipe
Genus 4 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Melanoleuca Pat. (cavalier toadstools)
Melanoleuca cinereifolia (a toadstool), eg: Melanoleuca cinereifolia (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - lain down to show underisde Melanoleuca cognata (Spring Cavalier), eg: Melanoleuca cognata var. cognata (Spring Cavalier) - In situ - top view Melanoleuca exscissa (Smoky Cavalier), eg: Melanoleuca exscissa var. iris (a smoky cavalier) - Fresh dry specimens - side and top views Melanoleuca grammopodia (a toadstool), eg: Melanoleuca grammopodia (a toadstool) - Cap - in situ Melanoleuca melaleuca (a toadstool), eg: Melanoleuca melaleuca (a toadstool) - Cap Melanoleuca polioleuca (Common Cavalier), eg: Melanoleuca polioleuca (Common Cavalier) - Cap Melanoleuca verrucipes (a toadstool), eg: Melanoleuca verrucipes (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - side view Unidentified Melanoleuca (Unidentified Cavalier Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Melanoleuca (Unidentified Cavalier Toadstools) - Toadstool - lain down to show stipe
Genus 10 subtaxa 10 ident refs
Melanomphalia nigrescens M.P. Christ. (an ear fungus) Species   1 ident refs
Mycenella (J.E. Lange) Singer (a genus of toadstools)
Mycenella rubropunctata (a toadstool), eg: Mycenella rubropunctata (a toadstool) - Cap
Genus 2 subtaxa 3 ident refs
Myxomphalia maura (Fr.) Hora (a toadstool) Species   4 ident refs
Omphaliaster asterosporus (J.E. Lange) Lamoure (a toadstool) Species   1 ident refs
Omphalina Quél. (navel toadstools)
Omphalina galericolor (a toadstool), eg: Omphalina galericolor var. lilacinicolor (a toadstool) - Cap dry - close-up Omphalina pyxidata (a navel, Omphalina patch (causative organism)), eg: Omphalina pyxidata (a navel, Omphalina patch (causative organism)) - Cap - top view
Genus 5 subtaxa 4 ident refs
Phyllotopsis nidulans (Pers.) Singer (Orange Oyster) Species   5 ident refs
Porpoloma Singer (meadowcap toadstools)
Porpoloma metapodium (Mealy Meadowcap), eg: Porpoloma metapodium (Mealy Meadowcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing cap
Genus 2 subtaxa 6 ident refs
Pseudobaeospora Singer (a genus of toadstools) Genus   1 ident refs
Pseudoclitocybe (Singer) Singer (a genus of toadstools)
Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis (Goblet), eg: Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis (Goblet) - Cap - in situ
Genus 1 subtaxon 3 ident refs
Pseudoomphalina graveolens (S. Petersen) Singer (a toadstool) Species   2 ident refs
Resupinatus Nees ex Gray (a genus of oysterling fungi)
Resupinatus applicatus (Smoked Oysterling), eg: Resupinatus applicatus (Smoked Oysterling) - Fruitbody - underside Resupinatus poriaeformis (an oysterling), eg: Resupinatus poriaeformis (an oysterling) - Fruitbody Resupinatus trichotis (an oysterling), eg: Resupinatus trichotis (an oysterling) - Fruitbody - gills
Genus 4 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Rimbachia arachnoidea (Peck) Redhead (a basidiomycete) Species   1 ident refs
Rimbachia bryophila (Pers.) Redhead (a basidiomycete) Species   1 ident refs
Rimbachia neckerae (Fr.) Redhead (a basidiomycete) Species   2 ident refs
Ripartites P. Karst. (seamine toadstools)
Ripartites tricholoma (Bearded Seamine), eg: Ripartites tricholoma (Bearded Seamine) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Genus 1 subtaxon 2 ident refs
Squamanita Imbach (strangler toadstools)
Squamanita paradoxa (Powdercap Strangler), eg: Squamanita paradoxa (Powdercap Strangler) - Cap - close-up
Genus 4 subtaxa 16 ident refs
Tricholoma (Fr.) Staude (knight toadstools)
Tricholoma cingulatum (Girdled Knight), eg: Tricholoma cingulatum (Girdled Knight) - Cap Tricholoma equestre (Yellow Knight), eg: Tricholoma equestre (Yellow Knight) - Cap Tricholoma fulvum (Birch Knight), eg: Tricholoma fulvum (Birch Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma imbricatum (Matt Knight), eg: Tricholoma imbricatum (Matt Knight) - Collection Tricholoma portentosum (a knight), eg: Tricholoma portentosum (a knight) - Fruitbodies Tricholoma psammopus (Larch Knight), eg: Tricholoma psammopus (Larch Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma saponaceum (Soap Knight), eg: Tricholoma saponaceum var. saponaceum (Soap Knight, Soap Tricholoma) - 4 fruitbodies Tricholoma scalpturatum (Yellowing Knight), eg: Tricholoma scalpturatum (Yellowing Knight) - Fruitbody - young - side view showing cortina - lain down Tricholoma sciodes (a knight), eg: Tricholoma sciodes (a knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma sejunctum (Deceiving Knight), eg: Tricholoma sejunctum (Deceiving Knight) - Fruitbody - upturned to show gills Tricholoma stiparophyllum (a knight), eg: Tricholoma stiparophyllum (a knight) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Tricholoma sulphureum (Sulphur Knight), eg: Tricholoma sulphureum var. sulphureum (Sulphur Knight) - Caps - in situ Tricholoma terreum (Grey Knight), eg: Tricholoma terreum (Grey Knight) - Cap Tricholoma ustale (Burnt Knight), eg: Tricholoma ustale (Burnt Knight) - Fruitbody - young - side view Unidentified Tricholoma (Unidentified Knight Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Tricholoma (Unidentified Knight Toadstools) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap and stipe
Genus 40 subtaxa 45 ident refs
Tricholomopsis Singer (custard toadstools)
Tricholomopsis decora (Prunes and Custard), eg: Tricholomopsis decora (Prunes and Custard) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills Tricholomopsis rutilans (Plums and Custard), eg: Tricholomopsis rutilans (Plums and Custard) - Cap - oblique view
Genus 2 subtaxa 2 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Bas, C. & Kuyper, T.W., 1995 Tricholomataceae R. Heim ex Pouz. (continuation)
Bas, C., 1990 Provisional, artificial key to the tribus of the Tricholomataceae as occurring in and around the Netherlands
Bas, C., 1995 Pseudobaeospora Sing. in Lloydia 5: 129. 1942
Breitenbach J., & Kränzlin F., 1991 (320 spp covered. Very useful.

Includes Hygrocybe which is nice, but Boertmann's monograph is more useful. Questions have been raised about some of the identifications.)
Boletes & Agarics I
Kühner, R. & Romagnesi, H., 1954 Compléments a la "Flore analytique"
III) Espéces nouvelles, critiques ou rares de Pleurotacées, Marasmiacées et Tricolomatacées
Kuyper, T.W., 1995 Gamundia Raithelhuber inMetrodiana 8: 34. 179
Kuyper, T.W., 1995 Haasiella Kotl. & P. in Ceská Mykol. 20: 135. 1966
Kuyper, T.W., 1995 Pseudoomphalina
Noordeloos, M.E., 1995 Callistosporium
Vellinga, E., 1995 Tribus Biannula

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 58 general literature references to TRICHOLOMATACEAE (a family of toadstools)

TRICHOLOMATACEAE may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
BASIDIOMYCOTA
(spore droppers)
AGARICOMYCETES
(a class of fungi)
AGARICALES
(mushrooms and toadstools)
Macromycetes (via Agaricales) Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 595 feeding and other relationships of TRICHOLOMATACEAE (a family of toadstools)

Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.