BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

(Ectomycorrhizal fungi) (fungi that form ectomycorrhizae)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

Tuber aestivum Vittad. (Summer Truffle)
Fruitbody - dried
Species   2 ident refs
Tuber maculatum Vittad. (a truffle) Species   1 ident refs
Tuber mesentericum Vittad. (a truffle) Species   1 ident refs
Amanita Pers. (grisettes and amanitas)
Amanita ceciliae (Snakeskin Grisette), eg: Amanita ceciliae (Snakeskin Grisette) - Cap Amanita citrina (False Deathcap), eg: Amanita citrina var. alba (a false death-cap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Amanita contui (a grisette), eg: Amanita contui (a grisette) - Fruitbody Amanita crocea (Orange Grisette), eg: Amanita crocea (Orange Grisette) - Fruitbody - young - side view - in situ Amanita echinocephala (Solitary Amanita), eg: Amanita echinocephala (Solitary Amanita) - Ring and gills - close-up Amanita excelsa (Grey Spotted Amanita), eg: Amanita excelsa var. spissa (Grey Spotted Amanita) - Fruitbody - in situ - side view Amanita franchetii (a toadstool), eg: Amanita franchetii (a toadstool) - Button - oblique view Amanita fulva (Tawny Grisette), eg: Amanita fulva (Tawny Grisette) - Cap - oblique view Amanita lividopallescens (Pale Grisette), eg: Amanita lividopallescens (Pale Grisette) - Fruitbodies Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric), eg: Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric) - Cap - top view Amanita pantherina (Panthercap), eg: Amanita pantherina (Panthercap) - Fruitbody - side view - excavated to show stipe base - in situ Amanita phalloides (Deathcap), eg: Amanita phalloides (Deathcap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Amanita porphyria (Grey Veiled Amanita), eg: Amanita porphyria (Grey Veiled Amanita) - Cap - in situ Amanita rubescens (Blusher), eg: Amanita rubescens var. rubescens (Blusher) - Cells from scales on cap Amanita submembranacea (a grisette), eg: Amanita submembranacea (a grisette) - Cap - in situ (Amanita vaginata agg.) (a group of grisettes), eg: Amanita submembranacea (a grisette) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Amanita vaginata (Grisette), eg: Amanita vaginata (Grisette) - Fruitbody - in situ among Rockrose - top view - close-up
Genus 33 subtaxa 45 ident refs
Cortinarius (Pers.) Gray (webcap toadstools)
Cortinarius (Dermocybe) (a group of webcaps), eg: Cortinarius uliginosus (Marsh Webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Cortinarius (Inoloma) (a group of webcaps), eg: Cortinarius alboviolaceus (Pearly Webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Cortinarius (Myxacium) (slimy-stemmed webcaps), eg: Cortinarius trivialis (Girdled Webcap) - Fruitbody - mature - lain down Cortinarius (Phlegmacium) (slimy-capped webcaps), eg: Cortinarius triumphans (Birch Webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Cortinarius (sg) (a group of webcaps), eg: Cortinarius violaceus (Violet Webcap) - Cap - top view Cortinarius (Telamonia) (hygrophanous webcaps), eg: Cortinarius bibulus (a toadstool) - Cap - in situ Cortinarius aff. malachius (a Cortinarius which is very similar to C. malachius), eg: Cortinarius aff. malachius (a Cortinarius which is very similar to C. malachius) - Fruitbody - in situ Cortinarius callochrous (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius calochrous var. parvus (a webcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing cap Cortinarius caperatus (The Gypsy), eg: Cortinarius caperatus (The Gypsy) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Cortinarius disjungendus (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius disjungendus (a webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Cortinarius parvannulatus (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius parvannulatus (a webcap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Cortinarius pearsonii (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius pearsonii (a webcap) - Fruitbody - young - side view - lain down Cortinarius pholideus (Scaly Webcap), eg: Cortinarius pholideus (Scaly Webcap) - Fruitbody - in situ Cortinarius turgidus (a webcap), eg: Cortinarius turgidus (a webcap) - Cap - in situ Unidentified Cortinarius (Unidentified Webcap Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Cortinarius (Unidentified Webcap Toadstools) - Cap - younger and damper
Genus 111 subtaxa 113 ident refs
Hebeloma (Fr.) P. Kumm. (poisonpie toadstools)
Hebeloma laterinum (a poison pie), eg: Hebeloma laterinum (a poison pie) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Hebeloma mesophaeum (Veiled Poisonpie), eg: Hebeloma mesophaeum (Veiled Poisonpie) - Cap - oblique view - in situ Hebeloma nauseosum (a poisonpie), eg: Hebeloma nauseosum (a poisonpie) - Fruitbody - young - side view - lain down Hebeloma radicosum (Rooting Poisonpie), eg: Hebeloma radicosum (Rooting Poisonpie) - Fruitbody - side view Unidentified Hebeloma (Unidentified Poisonpie Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Hebeloma (Unidentified Poisonpie Toadstools) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap and stipe
Genus 11 subtaxa 11 ident refs
Laccaria Berk. & Broome (deceiver toadstools)
Laccaria amethystina (Amethyst Deceiver), eg: Laccaria amethystina (Amethyst Deceiver) - Toadstool - top view of cap Laccaria bicolor (Bicoloured Deceiver), eg: Laccaria bicolor (Bicoloured Deceiver) - Cap, and fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe Laccaria laccata (Deceiver), eg: Laccaria laccata (Deceiver) - Side view - showing cap Laccaria proxima (Scurfy Deceiver), eg: Laccaria proxima (Scurfy Deceiver) - Cap Laccaria purpureobadia (a toadstool), eg: Laccaria purpureobadia (a toadstool) - Lain down Laccaria tortilis (Twisted Deceiver), eg: Laccaria tortilis (Twisted Deceiver) - Cap
Genus 7 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Inocybe (Fr.) Fr. (fibrecap toadstools)
Inocybe (Inocybe) (nodulose-spored Inocybe toadstools), eg: Inocybe leptophylla (a toadstool) - Cap Inocybe (Inocybium) (smooth-spored Inocybe toadstools), eg: Inocybe rimosa (Split Fibrecap) - Fruitbody - young - side view - lain down Unidentified Inocybe (Unidentified Fibrecap Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Inocybe (Unidentified Fibrecap Toadstools) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Genus 55 subtaxa 51 ident refs
Naucoria (Fr.) P. Kumm. (aldercap toadstools)
Naucoria amarescens (an aldercap), eg: Naucoria amarescens (an aldercap) - Cap - young Naucoria escharioides (Ochre Aldercap), eg: Naucoria escharioides (Ochre Aldercap) - Fruitbodies - side view showing gills - lain down Naucoria luteolofibrillosa (an aldercap), eg: Naucoria luteolofibrillosa (an aldercap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Naucoria striatula (Striate Aldercap), eg: Naucoria striatula (Striate Aldercap) - Fruitbodies - side view showing gills - lain down Naucoria subconspersa (Scurfy Aldercap), eg: Naucoria subconspersa (Scurfy Aldercap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Unidentified Naucoria (Unidentified Aldercap Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Naucoria (Unidentified Aldercap Toadstools) - Naucoria - 4 Alder species: side view
Genus 7 subtaxa 8 ident refs
Leucocortinarius bulbiger (Alb. & Schwein.) Singer (White Webcap) Species   2 ident refs
Tricholoma (Fr.) Staude (knight toadstools)
Tricholoma cingulatum (Girdled Knight), eg: Tricholoma cingulatum (Girdled Knight) - Cap Tricholoma equestre (Yellow Knight), eg: Tricholoma equestre (Yellow Knight) - Cap Tricholoma fulvum (Birch Knight), eg: Tricholoma fulvum (Birch Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma imbricatum (Matt Knight), eg: Tricholoma imbricatum (Matt Knight) - Collection Tricholoma portentosum (Coalman), eg: Tricholoma portentosum (Coalman) - Fruitbodies Tricholoma psammopus (Larch Knight), eg: Tricholoma psammopus (Larch Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma saponaceum (Soap Knight), eg: Tricholoma saponaceum var. saponaceum (Soap Knight, Soap Tricholoma) - 4 fruitbodies Tricholoma scalpturatum (Yellowing Knight), eg: Tricholoma scalpturatum (Yellowing Knight) - Fruitbody - young - side view showing cortina - lain down Tricholoma sciodes (Beech Knight), eg: Tricholoma sciodes (Beech Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholoma sejunctum (Deceiving Knight), eg: Tricholoma sejunctum (Deceiving Knight) - Fruitbody - upturned to show gills Tricholoma stiparophyllum (Chemical Knight), eg: Tricholoma stiparophyllum (Chemical Knight) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Tricholoma sulphureum (Sulphur Knight), eg: Tricholoma sulphureum var. sulphureum (Sulphur Knight) - Caps - in situ Tricholoma terreum (Grey Knight), eg: Tricholoma terreum (Grey Knight) - Cap Tricholoma ustale (Burnt Knight), eg: Tricholoma ustale (Burnt Knight) - Fruitbody - young - side view Unidentified Tricholoma (Unidentified Knight Toadstools), eg: Unidentified Tricholoma (Unidentified Knight Toadstools) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap and stipe
Genus 40 subtaxa 45 ident refs
BOLETACEAE Chevall. (sponge cap toadstools)
Boletus (a genus of boletes), eg: Boletus rubellus (Ruby Bolete) - Fruitbody - top view - close-up - in situ Chalciporus piperatus (Peppery Bolete), eg: Chalciporus piperatus (Peppery Bolete) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Leccinum (a genus of boletes), eg: Leccinum variicolor (Mottled Bolete) - Cap Phylloporus pelletieri (Golden-gilled Bolete), eg: Phylloporus pelletieri (Golden-gilled Bolete) - Fruitbody with forked stipe - side view showing gills - lain down Pseudoboletus parasiticus (Parasitic Bolete), eg: Pseudoboletus parasiticus (Parasitic Bolete) - Colony - top view Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Old Man Of The Woods), eg: Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Old Man Of The Woods) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Tylopilus felleus (Bitter Bolete), eg: Tylopilus felleus (Bitter Bolete) - Fruitbody - side view Xerocomus (a genus of boletes), eg: Xerocomus communis (a bolete) - First specimen - cap - in situ
Family 70 subtaxa 121 ident refs
GOMPHIDIACEAE Maire ex Jülich (spike toadstools)
Chroogomphus rutilus (Copper Spike, Pine Spike-cap), eg: Chroogomphus rutilus (Copper Spike, Pine Spike-cap) - Fruitbody Gomphidius (spike toadstools), eg: Gomphidius roseus (Rosy Spike) - Fruitbodies - top view
Family 4 subtaxa 3 ident refs
GYROPORACEAE Locq. (a family of boletes) Family 2 subtaxa  
Gyroporus castaneus (Bull.) Quél. (Chestnut Bolete)
Fruitbodies - lain down to show stipe and pores
Species   1 ident refs
Gyroporus cyanescens (Bull.) Quél. (Cornflower Bolete) Species   1 ident refs
PAXILLACEAE Lotsy (a family of bolete toadstools)
Paxillus (mycorrhizal rollrims), eg: Unidentified Paxillus (Unidentified Mycorrhizal Rollrims) - Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ
Family 7 subtaxa 13 ident refs
RHIZOPOGONACEAE Gäum. & C.W. Dodge (beard truffles)
Rhizopogon (beard truffles), eg: Rhizopogon luteolus (Yellow False Truffle, Yellow Beard Truffle) - Fruitbody - in situ
Family 4 subtaxa 5 ident refs
SCLERODERMATACEAE Corda (earthballs and dyeballs)
Pisolithus (dyeballs), eg: Pisolithus capsulifer (Dyeball) - Fruitbody - lain down Scleroderma (earthballs), eg: Scleroderma areolatum (Leopard Earthball, Leopard-spotted Earthball) - Side view - showing root
Family 6 subtaxa 5 ident refs
SUILLACEAE Besl & Bresinsky (a family of boletes)
Suillus (a genus of boletes), eg: Suillus bovinus (Bovine Bolete) - Cap
Family 11 subtaxa 9 ident refs
RUSSULACEAE Lotsy (milkcaps and russulas)
Lactarius (milkcap toadstools), eg: Lactarius blennius (Slimy Milk-cap, Beech Milkcap) - Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ Russula (brittlegill toadstools, russulas), eg: Russula sardonia (Primrose Brittlegill) - Cap
Family 128 subtaxa 125 ident refs
THELEPHORALES Corner ex Oberw. (an order of basidiomycete fungi)
BANKERACEAE (a family of stipitate tooth fungi), eg: Bankera fuligineoalba (Drab Tooth) - Fruitbody - side view THELEPHORACEAE (a family of basidiomycete fungi), eg: Tomentella sublilacina (a resupinate fungus) - Fruitbody
Order 33 subtaxa 60 ident refs
Sebacina incrustans (Pers.) Tul. & C. Tul. (Enveloping Crust)
Fruitbody
Species    

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

DEEMY: an Information System for Characterization and DEtermination of EctoMYcorrhizae: http://www.deemy.de/ DEEMY: an Information System for Characterization and DEtermination of EctoMYcorrhizae
Thoen, D., 1977 Identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi by thin layer chromatography

North American

British Columbia Ectomycorrhizal Research Network: http://www.pfc.forestry.ca/biodiversity/bcern/intro_e.html British Columbia Ectomycorrhizal Research Network

(Ectomycorrhizal fungi) may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI
(true fungi)
Fungi s.l. (via Fungi)

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 2653 feeding and other relationships of (Ectomycorrhizal fungi) (fungi that form ectomycorrhizae)

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