BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

MOLLUSCA (slugs, snails, bivalves, octopus, sea slugs)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Phylum)

BIVALVIA Linnaeus, 1758 (bivalves)
ARCOIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Glycymeris glycymeris (Dog Cockle, Dog-cockle) - Shells - outer surfaces - dry HETERODONTA (a subclass of bivalve molluscs), eg: Sphaerium corneum (Horny Orb Mussel) - Shells - both syphons and foot part-extended MYOIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Mya truncata (Blunt Gaper) - Shells - inner surfaces MYTILOIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Mytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean Mussel) - Shell - opened - outer surfaces OSTREOIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Ostrea edulis (Common European Oyster, Flat Oyster, Common Oyster) - Left valve - inner surface - wet PECTINOIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Pecten maximus (Great Scallop, Escallop) - Animal - lower (convex) shell UNIONOIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Unio (Unio) tumidus (Swollen River Mussel) - Shell pair - open to show inner surfaces Unidentified Bivalvia (Unidentified Bivalves), eg: Unidentified Bivalvia (Unidentified Bivalves) - Shell - dry
Species 56 subtaxa 29 ident refs
CEPHALOPODA Cuvier, 1795 (octopuses, cuttlefishes and squids)
MYOPSIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Unidentified Loligo (Unidentified Squids) - On beach - close-up SEPIIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Sepia officinalis (Common Cuttlefish) -
Unidentified 3 subtaxa 3 ident refs
GASTROPODA Cuvier, 1795 (slugs and snails)
ANASPIDEA (an order of molluscs), eg: Akera bullata var. nana (an aplysiomorph gastropod) - Dead shell - top view - dry CALLIOSTOMATIDAE (a family of molluscs), eg: Calliostoma zizyphinum (Painted Topshell) - Dead shell - dry - top view - close-up CARYCHIIDAE (a family of molluscs), eg: Unidentified Carychium (Unidentified A Genus Of Hollow-shelled Snail) - Live animal - dorso-lateral view CEPHALASPIDEA (an order of molluscs), eg: Runcina coronata (a sea slug) - Animal - partly extended - dorsal view COCHLICELLIDAE (a family of molluscs), eg: Cochlicella (Cochlicella) acuta (Pointed Snail) - Shells HYGROMIIDAE (a family of molluscs), eg: Helicella itala (Heath Snail) - Shell HYGROPHILA (an order of molluscs), eg: Ancylus fluviatilis (River Limpet) - Dorsal view LITTORINIMORPHA (an order of molluscs), eg: Rissoa membranacea var. membranacea (a marine snail) - Shells NEOTAENIOGLOSSA (an order of molluscs), eg: Turritella communis (Turret Shell, Auger Shell) - Shells - body whorl view NUDIBRANCHIA (sea slugs), eg: Facelina auriculata (a sea slug) - Dorsal view PATELLOGASTROPODA (an order of molluscs), eg: Patella vulgata (Common Limpet) - In situ - lateral view PATULIDAE (a family of molluscs), eg: Discus (Gonyodiscus) rotundatus (Rounded Snail) - Snails PLEUROBRANCHOMORPHA (an order of marine gastropods), eg: Berthella plumula (Yellow-plumed Sea Slug) - Dorsal view PROSOBRANCHIA (operculate molluscs), eg: Ocenebra erinacea (Rough Tingle, Sting Winkle, Oyster Drill) - Dorsal view PULMONATA (slugs and snails), eg: Cepaea (Cepaea) nemoralis (Brown Lipped Snail, Brown-lipped Snail) - Yf0345, dark lip - active - side view SACOGLOSSA (an order of marine gastropods), eg: Elysia viridis (a sea hare) - Parapodia extended - latero-dorsal view - close-up SYSTELLOMMATOPHORA (an order of molluscs), eg: Onchidella celtica (Celtic Sea Slug) - In situ
Order 153 subtaxa 134 ident refs
POLYPLACOPHORA Gray, 1821 (chitons, coat-of-mail shells)
CHITONIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (a chiton) - Pink form - latero-dorsal view Unidentified Polyplacophora (Unidentified Chitons, Coat-of-mail Shells), eg: Unidentified Polyplacophora (Unidentified Chitons, Coat-of-mail Shells) - On rock - oblique view
Species 3 subtaxa 2 ident refs
SCAPHOPODA Bronn, 1862 (tusk shells)
DENTALIIDA (an order of molluscs), eg: Antalis vulgaris (a tusk shell) - 3 shells
Species 1 subtaxon 1 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Beedham, G.E., 1972 Identification of the British Mollusca
Forbes, E. & Hanley, S., 1853 A History of British Mollusca, and their Shells
British Marine Life Pictures: http://www.britishmarinelifepictures.co.uk/gallery.html British Marine Life Pictures

Freshwater

Germain, L., 1930 Mollusques Terrestres et Fluviatiles (2 vols)
Pfleger, V., 1998 A Field Guide in Colour to Molluscs
European Limnofauna: http://wbd.etibioinformatics.nl/bis/limno.php European Limnofauna

Marine

The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN): http://www.marlin.ac.uk/gallerycategory.php?gcatid=8 The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN)
Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., 2011 A Student's Guide to the Seashore
Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., 2001 Photographic Guide to the Sea & Shore Life of Britain & North-west Europe
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (eds), 1990 (including the tiniest bivavles that are omitted from most other guides) The Marine Fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (eds), 1996 (littoral and sublittoral fauna) Handbook of the Marine Fauna of North-West Europe
Jones, A.M. & Baxter, J.M., 1987 Molluscs: Caudofoveata, Solenogastres, Polyplacophora and Scaphopoda
Naylor, P., 2005 Great British Marine Animals
Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland: http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/ Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland
Wood, C., 2007 Seasearch Observer's Guide to Marine Life of Britain and Ireland
Plankton
Larink, O. & Westheide, W., 2006 Coastal Plankton - photo guide for European Seas
Larink, O. & Westheide, W., 2011 Coastal Plankton - photo guide for European Seas (2nd ed)

Planktonic larvae

Apstein, C. & Brandt, K.A.H. (eds), 1901 Tunicata, Mollusca

Planktonic larval stages

Conway, D.V.P., 2012 Marine zooplankton of southern Britain. Part 1: Radiolaria, Heliozoa, Foraminifera, Ciliophora, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Nemertea, Rotifera and Mollusca

Planktonic stages and forms

Todd, C.D., Laverack, M.S. & Boxshall, G., 1996 Coastal Marine Zooplankton: A Practical Manual for Students

Societies

Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland

Terrestrial

Germain, L., 1930 Mollusques Terrestres et Fluviatiles (2 vols)
Pfleger, V., 1998 A Field Guide in Colour to Molluscs

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 85 general literature references to MOLLUSCA (slugs, snails, bivalves, octopus, sea slugs)

MOLLUSCA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
ANIMALIA
(animals)

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 195 feeding and other relationships of MOLLUSCA (slugs, snails, bivalves, octopus, sea slugs)

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