BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

BOLETALES E.-J. Gilbert (spongecap toadstools and their relatives)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

AMYLOCORTICIACEAE Jülich (a family of fungi) Family 3 subtaxa  
Ceraceomyces Jülich (a genus of resupinate fungi)
Genus 2 subtaxa 5 ident refs
Irpicodon pendulus (Alb. & Schwein.) Pouzar (a basidiomycete fungus) Species   1 ident refs
BOLETACEAE Chevall. (sponge cap toadstools)
Boletus (a genus of boletes), eg: Boletus rubellus (Ruby Bolete) - Fruitbody - top view - close-up - in situ Chalciporus piperatus (Peppery Bolete), eg: Chalciporus piperatus (Peppery Bolete) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Leccinum (a genus of boletes), eg: Leccinum cyaneobasileucum (a bolete) - Cap - oblique view - in situ Phylloporus pelletieri (Golden-gilled Bolete), eg: Phylloporus pelletieri (Golden-gilled Bolete) - Fruitbody with forked stipe - side view showing gills - lain down Pseudoboletus parasiticus (Parasitic Bolete), eg: Pseudoboletus parasiticus (Parasitic Bolete) - Colony - top view Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Old Man Of The Woods), eg: Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Old Man Of The Woods) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Tylopilus felleus (Bitter Bolete), eg: Tylopilus felleus (Bitter Bolete) - Fruitbody - side view Xerocomus (a genus of boletes), eg: Xerocomus communis (a bolete) - First specimen - cap - in situ
Family 75 subtaxa 123 ident refs
CONIOPHORACEAE Ulbr. (a family of resupinate boletes)
Coniophora (a genus of resupinate boletes), eg: Coniophora arida (a resupinate bolete) - Fruitbody with fungal galls
Family 5 subtaxa 5 ident refs
DIPLOCYSTIDIACEAE Kreisel (barometer earthstars) Family 1 subtaxon  
Astraeus hygrometricus (Pers.) Morgan (Barometer Earthstar)
Two immature fruitbodies - side view
Species   3 ident refs
GOMPHIDIACEAE Maire ex Jülich (spike toadstools)
Chroogomphus rutilus (Copper Spike), eg: Chroogomphus rutilus (Copper Spike) - Fruitbody Gomphidius (spike toadstools), eg: Gomphidius roseus (Rosy Spike) - Fruitbodies - top view
Family 4 subtaxa 3 ident refs
GYROPORACEAE Locq. (a family of boletes) Family 2 subtaxa  
Gyroporus castaneus (Bull.) Quél. (Chestnut Bolete)
Fruitbodies - lain down to show stipe and pores
Species   1 ident refs
Gyroporus cyanescens (Bull.) Quél. (a bolete) Species   1 ident refs
HYGROPHOROPSIDACEAE Kühner (false chanterelles)
Hygrophoropsis (false chanterelles), eg: Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (False Chanterelle) - Fruitbody - turned over to show gills and stipe Leucogyrophana (a genus of resupinate boletes), eg: Leucogyrophana mollusca (a resupinate bolete) - Colony on wood-chip
Family 7 subtaxa 10 ident refs
Jaapia Bres. (a genus of fungi)
Genus 1 subtaxon 2 ident refs
PAXILLACEAE Lotsy (a family of bolete toadstools)
Paxillus (mycorrhizal rollrims), eg: Paxillus rubicundulus (Alder Rollrim) - Side view showing cap
Family 6 subtaxa 12 ident refs
RHIZOPOGONACEAE Gäum. & C.W. Dodge (beard truffles)
Rhizopogon (beard truffles), eg: Rhizopogon luteolus (Yellow False Truffle, Yellow Beard Truffle) - Fruitbody - in situ
Family 4 subtaxa 5 ident refs
SCLERODERMATACEAE Corda (earthballs and dyeballs)
Pisolithus (dyeballs), eg: Pisolithus capsulifer (Dyeball) - Fruitbody - lain down Scleroderma (earthballs), eg: Scleroderma areolatum (Leopard Earthball) - Side view - showing root
Family 6 subtaxa 5 ident refs
SERPULACEAE Jarosch & Bresinsky (a family of resupinate boletes) Family 2 subtaxa  
Serpula himantioides (Fr.) P. Karst. (a resupinate bolete) Species   1 ident refs
Serpula lacrymans (Wulfen) J. Schröt. (Dry Rot)
Fruiting on ceiling
SUILLACEAE (Singer) Besl & Bresinsky (a family of boletes)
Suillus (a genus of boletes), eg: Suillus grevillei (Larch Bolete) - Fruitbody - top view
Family 11 subtaxa 9 ident refs
TAPINELLACEAE C. Hahn (lignicolous rollrims) Family 3 subtaxa  
Pseudomerulius aureus (Fr.) Jülich (a resupinate bolete) Species   2 ident refs
Tapinella atrotomentosa (Batsch) Šutara (Velvet Rollrim)
Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ
Tapinella panuoides (Fr.) E.-J. Gilbert (Oyster Rollrim)
Fruitbody - underside
Species   4 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Gruppo Micologico <<G. Bresadola>> di Trento - image gallery: Gruppo Micologico <<G. Bresadola>> di Trento - image gallery
Breitenbach J., & Kränzlin F., 1991 (Good selection of species covered, but most are also illustrated elsewhere. The critical group of Xerocomus is given an old-fashioned teatment with the more recently-described taxa not included.) Boletes & Agarics I
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1990 Fungi without gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes) an identification handbook
Henderson, D.M., Orton, P.D. & Watling, R., 1969 Agarics and Boleti - Introduction
McAdam, A., 2007 Keys to the genera of Agarics and Boletes

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 52 general literature references to BOLETALES (spongecap toadstools and their relatives)

BOLETALES may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(true fungi)
(spore droppers)
(a class of fungi)
Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 566 feeding and other relationships of BOLETALES (spongecap toadstools and their relatives)

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