BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

HYMENOPTERA (bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

APOCRITA (bees, wasps, ants and parasitoids)
Aculeata (aculeates: bees, wasps and ants), eg: Priocnemis (Priocnemis) agilis (a spider-hunting wasp) - Female - dorsal view - wings spread Parasitica (parasitoid wasps), eg: Diplolepis rosae (Bedeguar Gall Wasp, Robin’S Pin Cushion Gall Wasp) - Female - dorsal view
Suborder 430 subtaxa 479 ident refs
SYMPHYTA (sawflies)
CEPHOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies), eg: Trachelus tabidus (Black Grain Stem Sawfly) - Female - dorsal view - wings apart PAMPHILIOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies), eg: Neurotoma saltuum (a sawfly) - Webs on Hawthorn SIRICOIDEA (woodwasps), eg: Urocerus gigas (Greater Horntail Wasp) - Dorsal view - wings apart TENTHREDINOIDEA (a superfamily of sawflies), eg: Tenthredo (Tenthredo) brevicornis (a sawfly) - Female - dorsal view Unidentified Symphyta (Unidentified Sawflies), eg: Unidentified Symphyta (Unidentified Sawflies) - Dorsal view - wings apart
Suborder 116 subtaxa 89 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Atlas Hymenoptera: Atlas Hymenoptera
Sauer, F., 1985 Bienen, Wespen und Verwandte
Williams, R. British Hymenoptera, Glossary for use with identification keys
Zahradík, J. & Severa, F. (illust.), 1991 A Field Guide in Colour to Bees and wasps


Skidmore, P., 1991 Insects of the British Cow-Dung Community

Family keys

Gauld, I. & Bolton, B. (eds), 1988 The Hymenoptera
Goulet, H & Huber, J.T., eds, 1993 Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families
Richards, O.W., 1956 Hymenoptera: Introduction and Keys to Families (ed 1)
Richards, O.W., 1977 Hymenoptera: Introduction and Keys to Families (ed 2)

on docks

Salt, D.T. & Whittaker, J.B., 1998 Insects on dock plants

Plant galls

Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002 British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2011 British Plant Galls
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 204 general literature references to HYMENOPTERA (bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)

HYMENOPTERA may also be covered by literature listed under:

(living things)
(insects and other 6-legged organisms)
(true insects)

BioInfo BioInfo ( has 3147 feeding and other relationships of HYMENOPTERA (bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps)

Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.