BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

(Herbaceous Plants) (herbaceous plants)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

APIACEAE (umbellifers)
Aegopodium podagraria (Ground Elder, Ground-elder, Goutweed, Bishop’S Weed), eg: Aegopodium podagraria (Ground Elder, Ground-elder, Goutweed, Bishop’S Weed) - Flower Aethusa cynapium (Fool’S Parsley), eg: Aethusa cynapium (Fool’S Parsley) - Plant Angelica (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Angelica sylvestris (Wild Angelica) - Swollen leaf base containing developing umbel Anthriscus (a genus of umbellifers), eg: Anthriscus sylvestris (Cow Parsley, Keck) - Plants - in situ Apium (fool's water-cresses, marshworts & celeries), eg: Apium inundatum (Lesser Marshwort) - Plant - underwater Berula erecta (Lesser Water-parsnip), eg: Berula erecta (Lesser Water-parsnip) - Plant Bupleurum (thorow-waxes and hare's-ears), eg: Bupleurum baldense (Small Hare's-ear) - Plant - in flower - top view Carum verticillatum (Whorled Caraway), eg: Carum verticillatum (Whorled Caraway) - Leaf - basal - apex - close-up Chaerophyllum (chervils), eg: Chaerophyllum temulum (Rough Chervil) - Umbel - centre - top view - close-up Conium maculatum (Hemlock), eg: Conium maculatum (Hemlock) - Plant Conopodium majus (Pignut), eg: Conopodium majus (Pignut) - Plant Crithmum maritimum (Rock Samphire), eg: Crithmum maritimum (Rock Samphire) - Plant - close-up Daucus (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Daucus carota subsp. carota (Wild Carrot) - Fruiting umbel - top view Eryngium (eryngoes), eg: Eryngium maritimum (Sea Holly, Sea-holly) - Flowers - top view - close-up Falcaria vulgaris (Longleaf), eg: Falcaria vulgaris (Longleaf) - Plant - in situ Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel), eg: Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) - Plant - young Heracleum (hogweeds), eg: Heracleum mantegazzianum (Giant Hogweed) - Marginal flowers - close-up Myrrhis odorata (Sweet Cicely), eg: Myrrhis odorata (Sweet Cicely) - Flowering in a band along roadside in the Yorkshire Dales. Oenanthe (Bot.) (water-dropworts), eg: Oenanthe silaifolia (Narrow-leaved Water-dropwort) - Partial umbel - underside showing bracteoles Pastinaca sativa (Wild Parsnip), eg: Pastinaca sativa var. sativa (Wild Parsnip) - Flowers Physospermum cornubiense (Bladderseed, Cornish Bladderseed), eg: Physospermum cornubiense (Bladderseed, Cornish Bladderseed) - Leaves Pimpinella (burnet-saxifrages), eg: Pimpinella saxifraga (Burnet-saxifrage) - Plant - close-up Sanicula europaea (Sanicle), eg: Sanicula europaea (Sanicle) - Flowers Silaum silaus (Pepper Saxifrage, Pepper-saxifrage), eg: Silaum silaus (Pepper Saxifrage, Pepper-saxifrage) - Plant in meadow Sison amomum (Stone Parsley), eg: Sison amomum (Stone Parsley) - Plant - side view Smyrnium (alexanders), eg: Smyrnium perfoliatum (Perfoliate Alexanders) - Cauline leaf - upper side Torilis (hedge-parsleys), eg: Torilis nodosa (Knotted Hedge-parsley) - Cauline leaf - underside Trinia glauca (Honewort), eg: Trinia glauca (Honewort) - Plant - with fading flowers and young fruit - close-up
Family 44 subtaxa 16 ident refs
ASTERACEAE (daisies, dandelions and thistles, composite)
Antennaria (mountain everlastings), eg: Antennaria dioica (Mountain Everlasting) - In bud - top view ASTEROIDEAE (“daisies”), eg: Aster laevis x novi-belgii = A. x versicolor (late Michaelmas-daisy) - Plant - in situ Bellis (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Bellis perennis (Daisy) - Flower head - close-up Carlina (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Carlina vulgaris (Carline Thistle) - Capitulum and bud - top view - close-up LACTUCOIDEAE (“dandelions”), eg: Gazania Leucanthemum (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Leucanthemum vulgare (continental form) (an ox-eye daisy) - Lower cauline leaf - close-up Onopordum (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Onopordum acanthium (Cotton Thistle) - Flower branches
Family 132 subtaxa 48 ident refs
CAMPANULACEAE (bellflowers)
Campanula (bellflowers), eg: Campanula rotundifolia (Harebell) - Flower bud Jasione (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Jasione montana var. litoralis (a sheep's bit) - Plants on sand - top view Legousia (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Legousia hybrida (Venus’S-looking-glass) - Flower - oblique view - close-up Lobelia (lobelias), eg: Lobelia dortmanna (Water Lobelia) - Flower - top view - close-up Phyteuma (rampions), eg: Phyteuma orbiculare (Round-headed Rampion) - Flower Wahlenbergia (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Wahlenbergia hederacea (Ivy-leaved Bellflower) - Flowers and leaves
Family 11 subtaxa 6 ident refs
MENYANTHACEAE (bogbean and fringed water-lily) Family 2 subtaxa  
Menyanthes trifoliata L. (Bogbean)
Plant - in situ - dull
Species    
Nymphoides peltata Kuntze (Fringed Water-lily)
Flower - face view
Species   2 ident refs
BORAGINACEAE (comfreys and forget-me-nots)
Anchusa (alkanets), eg: Anchusa arvensis (Bugloss) - Flowers - close-up Borago (borages), eg: Borago officinalis (Borage) - Flowering shoot Cerinthe (a genus of garden plants), eg: Cerinthe minor (Lesser Honeywort) - Plant - in situ - top view Cynoglossum (hound's tongues), eg: Cynoglossum officinale (Hound's Tongue, Hound's-tongue) - Plant Echium (viper's buglosses), eg: Echium pininana (Giant Viper's-bugloss) - First-year plants (to flower next year) - oblique view Lithospermum (gromwells), eg: Lithospermum officinale (Common Gromwell) - Plant Mertensia (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Mertensia maritima (Oysterplant) - Flowers - close-up Myosotis (forget-me-nots), eg: Myosotis discolor (Changing Forget-me-not) - Plant Pentaglottis sempervirens (Green Alkanet), eg: Pentaglottis sempervirens (Green Alkanet) - Plant Pulmonaria (lungworts), eg: Pulmonaria longifolia (Narrow-leaved Lungwort) - Leaves Symphytum (comfreys), eg: Symphytum officinale x asperum = S. x uplandicum (Russian comfrey) - Plant - in situ
Family 25 subtaxa 1 ident refs
BRASSICACEAE (cabbages, cresses etc.)
Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard, Jack By The Hedge, Hedge Garlic), eg: Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard, Jack By The Hedge, Hedge Garlic) - Flowers and leaves Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale Cress), eg: Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale Cress) - Plant - large, multi-stemmed Arabis (rock cresses), eg: Arabis hirsuta (Hairy Rock-cress) - Shrivelled flower and buds - close-up Armoracia rusticana (Horse Radish, Horse-radish), eg: Armoracia rusticana (Horse Radish, Horse-radish) - Plants Barbarea (winter-cresses), eg: Barbarea vulgaris (Winter-cress) - Basal leaf Brassica (cabbages, mustards, turnips and rape), eg: Brassica oleracea var. oleracea (Wild Cabbage) - Plant - in situ Bunias orientalis (Warty Cabbage, Warty-cabbage), eg: Bunias orientalis (Warty Cabbage, Warty-cabbage) - Flower - side view Cakile maritima (Sea Rocket), eg: Cakile maritima (Sea Rocket) - Plant - in situ Capsella (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd’S Purse, Shepherd's-purse) - Plants growing against a wall Cardamine (bitter-cresses), eg: Cardamine impatiens (Narrow-leaved Bitter-cress) - Plant - lower part - in situ Cochlearia (scurvygrasses), eg: Cochlearia pyrenaica subsp. pyrenaica (Pyrenean Scurvygrass) - Cauline leaf (lower) - under surface Crambe (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Crambe maritima (Sea-kale) - Bursting leaf buds - close-up Descurainia (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Descurainia sophia (Flixweed) - Cauline leaf - close-up Diplotaxis (wall-rockets), eg: Diplotaxis muralis (Annual Wall-rocket) - Plant - top view Erophila (whitlowgrasses), eg: Erophila verna subsp. verna (a common whitlowgrass) - In situ - flowers open in sunshine Erysimum (wall flowers), eg: Erysimum cheiri (Wallflower) - Flowers Hesperis (dame's-violets), eg: Hesperis matronalis (Dame's Violet, Dame's-violet) - Inflorescence - close-up Hirschfeldia incana (Hoary Mustard), eg: Hirschfeldia incana (Hoary Mustard) - Plant - base Iberis (candytufts), eg: Iberis amara (Wild Candytuft) - Flowers Lepidium (pepperworts), eg: Lepidium heterophyllum (Smith's Pepperwort) - Plant - in situ Lunaria (honesties), eg: Lunaria annua (Honesty) - Cauline leaf - top and under surface Matthiola (stocks), eg: Matthiola sinuata (Sea Stock) - Flower Raphanus (radishes), eg: Raphanus sativus (Garden Radish) - Flowers Rorippa (yellow-cresses), eg: Rorippa palustris (Marsh Yellow-cress) - Inflorescence Sisymbrium (rockets), eg: Sisymbrium altissimum (Tall Rocket) - Cauline leaf Teesdalia nudicaulis (Shepherd's Cress), eg: Teesdalia nudicaulis (Shepherd's Cress) - Plant Thlaspi (penny-cresses), eg: Thlaspi arvense (Field Penny-cress) - Plant - in fruit
Family 55 subtaxa 13 ident refs
RESEDACEAE (weld and mignonette) Family 3 subtaxa  
Reseda lutea L. (Wild Mignonette)
Plant
Species    
Reseda luteola L. (Weld)
Plant
Species    
Reseda phyteuma L. (Corn Mignonette) Species   1 ident refs
TROPAEOLACEAE (garden nasturtiums) Family 2 subtaxa  
Tropaeolum majus L. (Nasturtium)
A fine show of garden nasturtiums
Species    
Tropaeolum speciosum Poepp. & Endl. (Flame Nasturtium)
Plant and flowers - in garden situation
Species    
CARYOPHYLLALES Takht., 1967 (pinks, goosefoots and docks)
AIZOACEAE (dew-plants), eg: Carpobrotus edulis var. edulis (Hottentot Fig) - Plant - covering cliffs AMARANTHACEAE (goosefoots, oraches, glassworts, amaranths & pigweeds), eg: Atriplex littoralis (Grass-leaved Orache) - Flower clusters CARYOPHYLLACEAE (chickweeds, stitchworts and campions, carnation), eg: Petrorhagia prolifera (Proliferous Pink) - Plant - in situ DROSERACEAE (sundews), eg: Drosera rotundifolia x intermedia = D. x belezeana (Godlingston sundew) - Plants with flowers FRANKENIACEAE (sea heaths), eg: Frankenia laevis (Sea Heath, Sea-heath) - Carpet of flowers - close-up MOLLUGINACEAE (a family of flowering plants), eg: Corrigiola litoralis (Strapwort) - Small plant - in situ MONTIACEAE (blinks), eg: Claytonia sibirica (Pink Purslane) - Flower - top view PLUMBAGINACEAE (thrifts and sea lavenders), eg: Limonium recurvum subsp. portlandicum (a sea-lavender) - Plant - in situ POLYGONACEAE (docks and knotgrasses), eg: Fallopia japonica (Japanese Knotweed) - Flower spike - in bud TAMARICACEAE (tamarisks), eg: Tamarix gallica (Tamarisk) - Plants
Order 133 subtaxa 67 ident refs
("Chenopodiaceae") (the old Chenopodiaceae)
Atriplex (oraches), eg: Atriplex littoralis (Grass-leaved Orache) - Flower clusters Beta (beets), eg: Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (Sea Beet) - Rootstock Chenopodium (goosefoots), eg: Chenopodium rubrum (Red Goosefoot) - Plant - side view Salicornia (glassworts), eg: Salicornia ramosissima (Purple Glasswort) - Plant Salsola kali (Saltwort), eg: Salsola kali subsp. kali (Prickly Saltwort) - Flowering shoot Sarcocornia perennis (Perennial Glasswort), eg: Sarcocornia perennis (Perennial Glasswort) - Plant Suaeda maritima (Annual Sea-blite), eg: Suaeda maritima (Annual Sea-blite) - Plant - top view Suaeda vera (Shrubby Seablite), eg: Suaeda vera (Shrubby Seablite) - Close-up
Informal 34 subtaxa 36 ident refs
CARYOPHYLLACEAE (chickweeds, stitchworts and campions, carnation)
Agrostemma githago (Corncockle), eg: Agrostemma githago (Corncockle) - Seedlings - top view Arenaria (Bot.) (sandworts), eg: Arenaria serpyllifolia subsp. leptoclados (Small Thyme-leaved Sandwort, Slender Sandwort) - Plant - in situ Cerastium (mouse-ears), eg: Cerastium fontanum (Common Mouse-ear) - Flower - face view Dianthus (pinks), eg: Dianthus plumarius (Pink) - Flowers Herniaria (ruptureworts), eg: Herniaria glabra (Smooth Rupturewort) - Flowers and leaves - close-up Honckenya peploides (Sea Sandwort), eg: Honckenya peploides (Sea Sandwort) - Flowers Minuartia (sandworts), eg: Minuartia verna (Spring Sandwort, Leadwort) - Plant with flowers - close-up Moehringia (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Moehringia trinervia (Three-nerved Sandwort) - Plant - close-up Moenchia erecta (Upright Chickweed), eg: Moenchia erecta (Upright Chickweed) - Seed Myosoton aquaticum (Water Chickweed), eg: Myosoton aquaticum (Water Chickweed) - Flower and buds Petrorhagia (a genus of pinks), eg: Petrorhagia prolifera (Proliferous Pink) - Plant - in situ Polycarpon tetraphyllum (Four-leaved All-seed), eg: Polycarpon tetraphyllum (Four-leaved All-seed) - Plant Sagina (pearlworts), eg: Sagina procumbens (Procumbent Pearlwort) - Plant portion Saponaria (soapworts), eg: Saponaria officinalis flore pleno form (Double-flowered Soapwort) - Plant and flowers - close-up Scleranthus (knawels), eg: Scleranthus annuus subsp. annuus (Annual Knawel) - Inflorescence - top view Silene (campions and catchflies), eg: Silene latifolia x dioica = S. x hampeana (hybrid campion) - Flower Spergula arvensis (Corn Spurrey), eg: Spergula arvensis (Corn Spurrey) - Plant - in situ Spergularia (spurreys), eg: Spergularia rupicola (Rock Sea-spurrey) - Flowering shoots Stellaria (chickweeds), eg: Stellaria graminea (Lesser Stitchwort) - Plant
Family 47 subtaxa 11 ident refs
DROSERACEAE (sundews)
Drosera (sundews), eg: Drosera rotundifolia x intermedia = D. x belezeana (Godlingston sundew) - Plants with flowers
Family 5 subtaxa 5 ident refs
PLUMBAGINACEAE (thrifts and sea lavenders)
Armeria (thrifts), eg: Armeria maritima (Thrift) - Flowering plant - top view Limonium (sea lavenders), eg: Limonium recurvum subsp. portlandicum (a sea-lavender) - Plant - in situ
Family 7 subtaxa 3 ident refs
POLYGONACEAE (docks and knotgrasses)
Fallopia (a genus of knotweeds), eg: Fallopia japonica (Japanese Knotweed) - Flower spike - in bud Persicaria (knotweeds), eg: Persicaria maculosa (Redshank) - Plant Polygonum (knotgrass), eg: Polygonum arenastrum (Equal-leaved Knotgrass) - Inflorescence - close-up Rheum (rhubarbs), eg: Rheum x rhabarbarum (rhubarb) - Leaves Rumex (docks), eg: Rumex hydrolapathum (Water Dock) - Plant
Family 26 subtaxa 11 ident refs
PORTULACACEAE (purslanes) Family 1 subtaxon  
Portulaca oleracea L. (Common Purslane) Species 1 subtaxon  
Portulaca oleracea ssp. sativa (Purslane) Subspecies   1 ident refs
CERATOPHYLLACEAE Gray (hornworts)
Ceratophyllum demersum (Rigid Hornwort), eg: Ceratophyllum demersum (Rigid Hornwort) - Leaves
Family 1 subtaxon 1 ident refs
CUCURBITACEAE (cucurbits, cucumbers and melons) Family 1 subtaxon  
Bryonia dioica Jacq. (White Bryony, Red Bryony)
Flower - female - side view
Species    
ADOXACEAE (moschatel, elders, viburnums)
Adoxa moschatellina (Moschatel, Townhall Clock), eg: Adoxa moschatellina (Moschatel, Townhall Clock) - Flowering plant Sambucus (elders), eg: Sambucus nigra (Elder) - Umbel - top view - close-up Viburnum (viburnums), eg: Viburnum opulus (Guelder Rose, Guelder-rose) - Flowers
Family 6 subtaxa 2 ident refs
Linnaea borealis L. (Twinflower)
Plant - in situ
Species   1 ident refs
Lonicera L. (honeysuckles)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle), eg: Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle) - Plant - in situ in hedge Lonicera nitida (Wilson's Honeysuckle), eg: Lonicera nitida (Wilson's Honeysuckle) - Stem Lonicera periclymenum (Honeysuckle), eg: Lonicera periclymenum (Honeysuckle) - Flowers Lonicera pileata (Box-leaved Honeysuckle), eg: Lonicera pileata (Box-leaved Honeysuckle) - Foliage
Genus 4 subtaxa 1 ident refs
DIPSACACEAE (scabiouses and teasels) Family   1 ident refs
VALERIANACEAE (valerians and corn salads) Family   1 ident refs
BALSAMINACEAE (balsams) Family 3 subtaxa  
Impatiens L. (balsams)
Impatiens capensis (Orange Balsam), eg: Impatiens capensis (Orange Balsam) - Seedling, 4 leaves, top view Impatiens glandulifera (Indian Balsam, Himalayan Balsam), eg: Impatiens glandulifera (Indian Balsam, Himalayan Balsam) - Flower - side view Impatiens parviflora (Small Balsam), eg: Impatiens parviflora (Small Balsam) - Flower - side view
Genus 3 subtaxa 2 ident refs
DIAPENSIACEAE (diapensias) Family 1 subtaxon  
Diapensia lapponica L. (Diapensia) Species   1 ident refs
POLEMONIACEAE (Jacob’s ladder and phloxes) Family 1 subtaxon  
Polemonium caeruleum L. (Jacob’S-ladder)
Plant - in situ
Species    
PRIMULACEAE (primroses, loosestrifes and pimpernels)
Anagallis (pimpernels), eg: Anagallis arvensis ssp arvensis forma arvensis (Scarlet Pimpernel) - Flower - reverse Cyclamen (cyclamens), eg: Cyclamen repandum ssp. repandum (a spring sowbread) - Plant Glaux maritima (Sea Milkwort, Sea-milkwort), eg: Glaux maritima (Sea Milkwort, Sea-milkwort) - Plant - in situ Hottonia palustris (Water-violet), eg: Hottonia palustris (Water-violet) - Plants growing in ditch Lysimachia (yellow loosestrifes), eg: Lysimachia punctata (Dotted Loosestrife) - Flower spike Primula (cowslips and primroses), eg: Primula veris x vulgaris = P. x polyantha (false oxlip) - Flower Samolus valerandi (Brookweed), eg: Samolus valerandi (Brookweed) - Plant - tall Trientalis europaea (Chickweed Wintergreen, Chickweed-wintergreen), eg: Trientalis europaea (Chickweed Wintergreen, Chickweed-wintergreen) - Plants
Family 20 subtaxa 9 ident refs
SARRACENIACEAE (pitcher plants) Family 2 subtaxa  
Sarracenia purpurea L. (Pitcher Plant, Pitcherplant) Species   1 ident refs
Unidentified Sarraceniaceae (Unidentified Pitcher Plants) Unidentified    
FABOIDEAE (vetches, peas and beans)
Astragalus (milk-vetches), eg: Astragalus danicus (Purple Milk-vetch) - Inflorescence - close-up Cytisus (a genus of brooms), eg: Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius (Broom) - Dark flowers - close-up Dioclea reflexa (Sea Purse), eg: Dioclea reflexa (Sea Purse) - Bean - close-up Galega officinalis (Goat's-rue), eg: Galega officinalis (Goat's-rue) - Flower heads - white Genista (a genus of brooms), eg: Genista aetnensis (Mount Etna Broom) - Flowers Hippocrepis (horse-shoe vetches), eg: Hippocrepis comosa (Horseshoe Vetch) - Plant Lathyrus (peas), eg: Lathyrus nissolia (Grass Vetchling) - Plant Lotus (bird's-foot-trefoils), eg: Lotus corniculatus (Common Bird's-foot-trefoil, Eggs-and-bacon) - Leaf - top view Lupinus (lupins), eg: Lupinus arboreus (Tree Lupin) - Leaves Medicago (medicks), eg: Medicago arabica (Spotted Medick) - Flower Melilotus (melilots), eg: Melilotus altissimus (Tall Melilot) - Inflorescence Ononis (restharrows), eg: Ononis repens (Common Restharrow) - Plant Ornithopus (bird's-foots), eg: Ornithopus perpusillus (Bird’S-foot) - Plant with flowers and pods Pisum sativum (Garden Pea), eg: Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon (Sugar-snap Pea) - Flowers and foliage - close-up Robinia (false acacias), eg: Robinia pseudoacacia Trifolium (clovers), eg: Trifolium repens (White Clover, Dutch Clover) - Plant Ulex (gorses), eg: Ulex minor (Dwarf Gorse) - Flowering shoot and plant Vicia (vetches), eg: Vicia lutea (Yellow Vetch, Yellow-vetch) - Flower
Subfamily 72 subtaxa 21 ident refs
POLYGALACEAE (milkworts)
Polygala (milkworts), eg: Polygala calcarea (Chalk Milkwort) - Plant
Family 4 subtaxa 1 ident refs
APOCYNACEAE (periwinkles and asclepiads)
Vinca (periwinkles), eg: Vinca major var. major (Greater Periwinkle) - Flower - face view - close-up
Family 2 subtaxa 1 ident refs
GENTIANACEAE (gentians and felworts)
Blackstonia perfoliata (Yellow-wort), eg: Blackstonia perfoliata (Yellow-wort) - Plant - in situ Centaurium (centauries), eg: Centaurium erythraea var. erythraea (a common centaury) - Inflorescence - top view Cicendia filiformis (Yellow Centaury), eg: Cicendia filiformis (Yellow Centaury) - Flowers - close-up Gentiana (gentians), eg: Gentiana verna (Spring Gentian) - Plant with flower - side view Gentianella (gentian), eg: Gentianella germanica x amarella = G. x pamplinii (a gentian) - Well branched plant
Family 13 subtaxa 8 ident refs
RUBIACEAE (madder, goosegrass and bedstraws)
Asperula (woodruffs), eg: Asperula cynanchica (Squinancywort) - Flowers - white - side view - close-up Cruciata laevipes (Crosswort), eg: Cruciata laevipes (Crosswort) - Plant Galium (bedstraws), eg: Galium aparine (Cleavers, Goosegrass) - Flower Rubia (madders), eg: Rubia peregrina (Wild Madder) - Flowers - close-up Sherardia arvensis (Field Madder), eg: Sherardia arvensis (Field Madder) - Plant
Family 12 subtaxa 3 ident refs
GERANIACEAE (geraniums and storksbills)
Erodium (stork's-bills), eg: Erodium cicutarium agg. (common stork's-bill) - Plant Geranium (true geraniums), eg: Geranium phaeum var. phaeum (Dusky Crane’S-bill) - Plant
Family 17 subtaxa 5 ident refs
CALCEOLARIACEAE (slipperworts) Family 1 subtaxon  
Calceolaria chelidonioides Kunth (Slipperwort)
Plant in formal gardens
Species    
LAMIACEAE (dead-nettles, mints and scented herbs)
Ajuga (bugles), eg: Ajuga chamaepitys (Ground-pine) - Plant Ballota (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Ballota nigra (Black Horehound) - Whorl of flowers in shade Clinopodium (calamints), eg: Clinopodium vulgare (Wild Basil) - Axillary whorl and flower - close-up Galeopsis (hemp-nettles), eg: Galeopsis bifida (Bifid Hemp-nettle) - Plant - in situ Glechoma hederacea (Ground-ivy), eg: Glechoma hederacea (Ground-ivy) - Plant Lamium (dead-nettles), eg: Lamium purpureum (Red Dead-nettle) - Plant Lycopus europaeus (Gypsywort), eg: Lycopus europaeus (Gypsywort) - Plant - in situ - in sun Melittis melissophyllum (Bastard Balm), eg: Melittis melissophyllum (Bastard Balm) - Plants in habitat Mentha (mints), eg: Mentha aquatica (Water Mint) - Plant - with flowers - side view Origanum (marjorams), eg: Origanum vulgare (Wild Marjoram, Oregano) - Inflorescence - top view - close-up Perovskia (Russian sage), eg: Perovskia Prunella (Bot.) (selfheals), eg: Prunella vulgaris (Selfheal) - Flower spike - top view Salvia (claries), eg: Salvia verbenaca (Wild Clary) - Plant - close-up Scutellaria (skullcaps), eg: Scutellaria minor (Lesser Skullcap) - Flowers - top view Solenostemon (coleuses), eg: Solenostemon scutellarioides (Coleus) - Display bench showing range of varieties Stachys (woundworts), eg: Stachys officinalis (Betony) - Flower head Teucrium (germanders), eg: Teucrium scorodonia (Wood Sage) - Large clump with flowers - cloudy Thymus (thymes), eg: Thymus polytrichus (Wild Thyme) - Flowering plant - in situ
Family 41 subtaxa 12 ident refs
LENTIBULARIACEAE (butterworts and bladderworts)
Pinguicula (butterworts), eg: Pinguicula vulgaris (Common Butterwort) - Flower - side view Utricularia (bladderworts), eg: Utricularia minor (Lesser Bladderwort) - Flower - top view
Family 5 subtaxa 3 ident refs
OROBANCHACEAE (eyebrights, cow-wheats, louseworts & broomrapes)
Euphrasia (eyebrights), eg: Euphrasia anglica (English Sticky Eyebright, Glandular Eyebright, Small-flowered Sticky Eyebright) - Plant - oblique view Lathraea clandestina (Purple Toothwort), eg: Lathraea clandestina (Purple Toothwort) - Plant Lathraea squamaria (Toothwort), eg: Lathraea squamaria (Toothwort) - Plant Melampyrum (cow-wheats), eg: Melampyrum pratense subsp. pratense (a common cow-wheat) - Flowers - top view Odontites (bartsias), eg: Odontites vernus (Red Bartsia) - Flower buds - close-up Orobanche (broomrapes), eg: Orobanche elatior (Knapweed Broomrape, Tall Broomrape) - Plant Parentucellia viscosa (Yellow Bartsia), eg: Parentucellia viscosa (Yellow Bartsia) - Plants - in situ Pedicularis (louseworts), eg: Pedicularis sylvatica subsp. sylvatica (a lousewort) - Flowering plant - top view Rhinanthus (yellow-rattles), eg: Rhinanthus minor subsp. minor (Yellow-rattle) - Inflorescence
Family 19 subtaxa 12 ident refs
PLANTAGINACEAE (plantains)
Callitriche (water-starworts), eg: Unidentified Callitriche (Unidentified Water-starworts) - Floating rosettes Chaenorhinum (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Chaenorhinum minus (Small Toadflax) - Flower and leaves - close-up Cymbalaria (ivy-leaved toadflaxes), eg: Cymbalaria muralis subsp. muralis (an ivy-leaved toadflax) - Plant Digitalis (foxgloves), eg: Digitalis purpurea (Foxglove) - Monstrous flower - side view Erinus alpinus (Fairy Foxglove), eg: Erinus alpinus (Fairy Foxglove) - Small plant - with flower Hippuris vulgaris (Mare's Tail, Mare's-tail), eg: Hippuris vulgaris (Mare's Tail, Mare's-tail) - Plants at water's edge Kickxia (fluellens), eg: Kickxia elatine (Sharp-leaved Fluellen) - Leaves, flowers and calyxes Linaria (Bot.) (toadflaxes), eg: Linaria vulgaris (Common Toadflax) - Plant Littorella uniflora (Shoreweed), eg: Littorella uniflora (Shoreweed) - Plant - in situ Misopates orontium (Weasel's-snout), eg: Misopates orontium (Weasel's-snout) - Base of plant Plantago (plantains), eg: Plantago lanceolata (Ribwort, Ribwort Plantain) - Plant Sibthorpia europaea (Cornish Moneywort), eg: Sibthorpia europaea (Cornish Moneywort) - Leaves Veronica (speedwells), eg: Veronica spicata (Spiked Speedwell) - Plant
Family 36 subtaxa 6 ident refs
SCROPHULARIACEAE (figworts)
Buddleja (butterfly bushes, buddlejas), eg: Buddleja davidii (Butterfly Bush, Butterfly-bush) - Flowers - close-up Nemesia (Cape-jewels), eg: Unidentified Nemesia (Unidentified Cape-jewels) - Plant - in situ Scrophularia (figworts), eg: Scrophularia vernalis (Yellow Figwort) - Plant - in situ Verbascum (mulleins), eg: Verbascum densiflorum (Dense-flowered Mullein) - Base of plant
Family 15 subtaxa 1 ident refs
VERBENACEAE (vervains) Family 2 subtaxa  
Verbena officinalis L. (Vervain)
Plant
Species    
Verbena rigida Spreng. (Slender Vervain)
?infected leaves - top surfaces
Species    
ELATINACEAE (waterworts)
Family 1 subtaxon 2 ident refs
EUPHORBIACEAE (spurges)
Euphorbia (spurges), eg: Euphorbia exigua (Dwarf Spurge) - Plant Mercurialis (mercuries), eg: Mercurialis perennis (Dog's Mercury) - Male plants - top view
Family 13 subtaxa 3 ident refs
Hypericum L. (St John's worts)
Hypericum androsaemum (Tutsan), eg: Hypericum androsaemum (Tutsan) - Flower - faded Hypericum calycinum (Rose-of-Sharon), eg: Hypericum calycinum (Rose-of-Sharon) - Flower bud and faded calyx Hypericum elodes (Marsh St John's-wort), eg: Hypericum elodes (Marsh St John's-wort) - Flowers - side view Hypericum hirsutum (Hairy St John’S-wort), eg: Hypericum hirsutum (Hairy St John’S-wort) - Flower Hypericum humifusum (Trailing St John’S-wort), eg: Hypericum humifusum (Trailing St John’S-wort) - Plant - in situ Hypericum perforatum (Perforate St John’S-wort, Common St John's-wort), eg: Hypericum perforatum (Perforate St John’S-wort, Common St John's-wort) - Flower - side view Hypericum perforatum x maculatum = H. x desetangsii (Des Etangs' St John's-wort), eg: Hypericum x desetangsii nothossp. desetangsii (a subspecies hybrid of flowering plants) - Infructescence tip Hypericum pulchrum (Slender St John’S-wort), eg: Hypericum pulchrum (Slender St John’S-wort) - Flower shoots Hypericum tetrapterum (Square-stalked St John’S-wort), eg: Hypericum tetrapterum (Square-stalked St John’S-wort) - Inflorescence
Genus 10 subtaxa 3 ident refs
LINACEAE (flaxes)
Linum (flaxes), eg: Linum grandiflorum (Crimson Flax) - Plant - in situ - top view showing growth form Radiola linoides (Allseed), eg: Radiola linoides (Allseed) - Plant
Family 4 subtaxa  
VIOLACEAE (violets, pansies)
Viola (violets, pansies), eg: Viola hirta (Hairy Violet) - Flower - face-view
Family 17 subtaxa 7 ident refs
Helianthemum Mill. (rock-roses)
Helianthemum apenninum (White Rock-rose), eg: Helianthemum apenninum (White Rock-rose) - Plant Helianthemum nummularium (Common Rockrose), eg: Helianthemum nummularium ssp. nummularium (Common Rock-rose) - Flower Helianthemum oelandicum (Hoary Rock-rose), eg: Helianthemum oelandicum subsp. piloselloides (Hoary Rock-rose (Western Ireland Spp.)) - Plant with flowers and leaves
Genus 5 subtaxa 2 ident refs
MALVACEAE (mallows & limes)
Alcea rosea (Hollyhock), eg: Alcea rosea (Hollyhock) - Plant - in cloud Althaea (marsh-mallows), eg: Althaea officinalis (Marsh-mallow) - Shoot with flower buds Lavatera (tree-mallows), eg: Lavatera arborea (Tree-mallow) - Flower, buds etc Malva (mallows), eg: Malva moschata (Musk-mallow) - White form - flower buds Tilia (limes), eg: Tilia platyphyllos x cordata = T. x europaea (lime) - 'Lime Avenue' at Kingston Lacy - just coming into leaf
Family 9 subtaxa 1 ident refs
LYTHRACEAE (purple loosestrife and water purslane) Family 3 subtaxa  
Lythrum hyssopifolia L. (Grass-poly) Species    
Lythrum portula (L.) D.A. Webb (Water-purslane)
Plant
Species   2 ident refs
Lythrum salicaria L. (Purple-loosestrife)
Plant
Species    
ONAGRACEAE (willowherbs and evening primroses)
Chamerion angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb), eg: Chamerion angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb) - Flower - face view Circaea (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Circaea lutetiana (Enchanter’S Nightshade, Enchanter's-nightshade) - Plants Epilobium (willow-herbs), eg: Epilobium obscurum (Short-fruited Willowherb) - Flower with two petals removed, petals Oenothera (evening-primroses), eg: Oenothera stricta (Fragrant Evening-primrose) - Flower bud
Family 20 subtaxa 8 ident refs
OXALIDACEAE (sorrels) Family 2 subtaxa  
Oxalis acetosella L. (Wood-sorrel)
Flowers and bud
Species    
Oxalis corniculata L. (Procumbent Yellow-sorrel)
Plant - uprooted
Species    
PAPAVERACEAE (poppies and fumitories)
FUMARIOIDEAE (fumitories), eg: Fumaria occidentalis (Western Ramping-fumitory) - Flower spike - side view Glaucium (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Glaucium flavum (Yellow Horned Poppy, Yellow Horned-poppy) - Plant PAPAVEROIDEAE (poppies), eg: Papaver rhoeas (Common Poppy, Flanders Poppy) - Plants
Family 17 subtaxa 7 ident refs
FUMARIOIDEAE (fumitories)
Ceratocapnos claviculata (Climbing Corydalis), eg: Ceratocapnos claviculata (Climbing Corydalis) - Mounds of the plant Dicentra (bleeding-hearts), eg: Dicentra formosa (Bleeding-heart) - Flowers - close-up Fumaria (fumitories), eg: Fumaria occidentalis (Western Ramping-fumitory) - Flower spike - side view Pseudofumaria lutea (Yellow Corydalis), eg: Pseudofumaria lutea (Yellow Corydalis) - Flower - side view
Subfamily 7 subtaxa 4 ident refs
RANUNCULACEAE (buttercups, crowfoots)
Actaea spicata (Baneberry), eg: Actaea spicata (Baneberry) - Plant with flower - in situ Anemone (anemones), eg: Anemone nemorosa (Wood Anemone, Windflower) - Flower bud - bursting Aquilegia (columbines), eg: Aquilegia vulgaris (Columbine) - Leaf - top surface with veins Caltha palustris (Marsh-marigold), eg: Caltha palustris (Marsh-marigold) - Flower buds Clematis (clematises), eg: Clematis vitalba (Traveller’S Joy, Traveller's-joy) - Flowers Eranthis hyemalis (Winter Aconite), eg: Eranthis hyemalis (Winter Aconite) - Flower - side view Ficaria verna (Lesser Celandine), eg: Ficaria verna subsp. fertilis (a lesser celandine) - Plant Helleborus (hellebores), eg: Helleborus viridis (Green Hellebore) - Plants - top view Myosurus minimus (Mousetail), eg: Myosurus minimus (Mousetail) - Plant Nigella (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Nigella damascena (Love-in-a-mist) - Flower - oblique view - close-up Pulsatilla (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Pulsatilla vulgaris (Pasqueflower) - Flower shoot with flower just opening - side view Ranunculus (buttercups and crowfoots), eg: Ranunculus repens (Creeping Buttercup) - Plant with runners Thalictrum (meadow-rues), eg: Thalictrum minus (Lesser Meadow-rue) - Leaf - close-up Trollius (globe-flowers), eg: Trollius europaeus (Globe-flower) - Flower - just opening - top view - close-up
Family 32 subtaxa 7 ident refs
Acaena Mutis ex L. (pirri-pirri burs)
Acaena novae-zelandiae (Pirri-pirri-bur), eg: Acaena novae-zelandiae (Pirri-pirri-bur) - Flower head
Genus 1 subtaxon 1 ident refs
Agrimonia L. (agrimonies)
Agrimonia eupatoria (Agrimony), eg: Agrimonia eupatoria (Agrimony) - Plant Agrimonia procera (Fragrant Agrimony), eg: Agrimonia procera (Fragrant Agrimony) - Fruit - top view
Genus 2 subtaxa 1 ident refs
Alchemilla L. (lady's-mantles)
Alchemilla alpina (Alpine Lady's-mantle), eg: Alchemilla alpina (Alpine Lady's-mantle) - Plant Alchemilla conjuncta (Silver Lady's-mantle), eg: Alchemilla conjuncta (Silver Lady's-mantle) - Plant - in situ Alchemilla filicaulis (Hairy Lady's-mantle), eg: Alchemilla filicaulis subsp. vestita (a lady's-mantle) - Plant - close-up Alchemilla glabra (Smooth Lady's-mantle), eg: Alchemilla glabra (Smooth Lady's-mantle) - Leaf Alchemilla mollis (Garden Lady's-mantle), eg: Alchemilla mollis (Garden Lady's-mantle) - Plant - in situ Alchemilla xanthochlora (Intermediate Lady's-mantle), eg: Alchemilla xanthochlora (Intermediate Lady's-mantle) - Foliage and flower buds
Genus 7 subtaxa 2 ident refs
Aphanes L. (parsley pierts)
Aphanes arvensis (Parsley-piert), eg: Aphanes arvensis (Parsley-piert) - Plant Aphanes australis (Slender Parsley-piert), eg: Aphanes australis (Slender Parsley-piert) - Stipules (Aphanes arvensis agg.) (parsley pierts), eg: (Aphanes arvensis agg.) (parsley pierts) - Plant
Genus 3 subtaxa 2 ident refs
Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim. (Meadowsweet)
Plants
Species    
Filipendula vulgaris Moench (Dropwort)
Flower
Species    
Fragaria vesca L. (Wild Strawberry)
Plant
Species   1 ident refs
Geum rivale L. (Water Avens)
Flower
Species   1 ident refs
Geum rivale x urbanum = G. x intermedium Ehrh. (hybrid avens)
Flower - side view
Species hybrid   1 ident refs
Geum urbanum L. (Wood Avens, Herb Bennet)
Flower - side view
Species   1 ident refs
Potentilla L. (cinquefoils)
Potentilla anserina (Silverweed), eg: Potentilla anserina (Silverweed) - Flower Potentilla argentea (Hoary Cinquefoil), eg: Potentilla argentea (Hoary Cinquefoil) - Plant - in situ Potentilla erecta (Tormentil), eg: Potentilla erecta (Tormentil) - Plant Potentilla fruticosa (Shrubby Cinquefoil), eg: Potentilla fruticosa (Shrubby Cinquefoil) - Plant - with flowers Potentilla palustris (Marsh Cinquefoil), eg: Potentilla palustris (Marsh Cinquefoil) - Plant Potentilla recta (Sulphur Cinquefoil), eg: Potentilla recta (Sulphur Cinquefoil) - Plants Potentilla reptans (Creeping Cinquefoil), eg: Potentilla reptans (Creeping Cinquefoil) - Flowers, runners and leaves Potentilla sterilis (Barren Strawberry), eg: Potentilla sterilis (Barren Strawberry) - Leaf and flower Potentilla tabernaemontani (Spring Cinquefoil), eg: Potentilla tabernaemontani (Spring Cinquefoil) - Leaf rosettes
Genus 9 subtaxa 2 ident refs
Sanguisorba minor Scop. (Salad Burnet)
Sanguisorba minor subsp. minor (Salad Burnet), eg: Sanguisorba minor subsp. minor (Salad Burnet) - Plant Sanguisorba minor subsp. muricata (Fodder Burnet), eg: Sanguisorba minor subsp. muricata (Fodder Burnet) - Fruiting hypanthia
Species 2 subtaxa 1 ident refs
Sanguisorba officinalis L. (Great Burnet)
Flowers with Meadow-sweet
Species    
URTICACEAE (nettles)
Parietaria judaica (Pellitory-of-the-wall), eg: Parietaria judaica (Pellitory-of-the-wall) - Plant - in situ Soleirolia soleirolii (Mind-your-own-business), eg: Soleirolia soleirolii (Mind-your-own-business) - In situ Urtica (nettles), eg: Urtica urens (Small Nettle) - Plant
Family 5 subtaxa 7 ident refs
CRASSULACEAE (stonecrops)
Crassula (pigmyweeds), eg: Crassula helmsii (New Zealand Pigmyweed) - Flowers Sedum (stonecrops), eg: Sedum anglicum (English Stonecrop) - Plant - in situ Umbilicus rupestris (Navelwort), eg: Umbilicus rupestris (Navelwort) - Plant
Family 8 subtaxa 3 ident refs
HALORAGACEAE (water-milfoils) Family 2 subtaxa  
Myriophyllum L. (water milfoils)
Myriophyllum aquaticum (Parrot’S Feather), eg: Myriophyllum aquaticum (Parrot’S Feather) - Straggly bits near pond margin Myriophyllum verticillatum (Whorled Water-milfoil), eg: Myriophyllum verticillatum (Whorled Water-milfoil) - Turion
Genus 2 subtaxa 2 ident refs
SAXIFRAGACEAE (saxifrages)
Astilbe (false buck's beards), eg: Astilbe x arendsii Chrysosplenium (golden-saxifrages), eg: Chrysosplenium alternifolium (Alternate-leaved Golden-saxifrage) - Plant - top view Saxifraga (saxifrages), eg: Saxifraga hypnoides (Mossy Saxifrage) - Flower (the last one!) - side view Tellima grandiflora (Fringe-cups), eg: Tellima grandiflora (Fringe-cups) - Inflorescence Tolmiea menziesii (Pick-a-back-plant), eg: Tolmiea menziesii (Pick-a-back-plant) - Plant - in situ
Family 16 subtaxa 8 ident refs
CONVOLVULACEAE (bindweeds & dodders)
Calystegia (bindweeds), eg: Calystegia sepium subsp. sepium (Hedge Bindweed, Great Bindweed) - Flower - side view Convolvulus (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Convolvulus arvensis (Field Bindweed) - Stem with leaves and flowers - side view Cuscuta (dodders), eg: Cuscuta epithymum (Dodder) - In situ
Family 7 subtaxa 1 ident refs
SOLANACEAE (nightshades)
Atropa belladonna (Deadly Nightshade), eg: Atropa belladonna (Deadly Nightshade) - Flower - side view Brugmansia (brugmansias, daturas), eg: Brugmansia sanguinea (a datura) - Plant - in glasshouse Datura (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Datura stramonium (Thorn-apple) - Fruit - close-up Hyoscyamus (a genus of flowering plants), eg: Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane) - Flowers Lycium (teaplants, wolf or Nicandra physalodes (Apple Of Peru, Apple-of-Peru), eg: Nicandra physalodes (Apple Of Peru, Apple-of-Peru) - Plant - in situ Petunia (petunia), eg: Petunia axillaris x integrifolia = P. x hybrida (petunia) - Flowers of varied shades Solanum (a genus of nightshades), eg: Solanum villosum (Red Nightshade) - Plant - side view
Family 17 subtaxa 3 ident refs
LILIIDAE (monocotyledonous flowering plants)
ALISMATALES (pond plants), eg: Arum maculatum (Cuckoo Pint, Lords and Ladies, Lords-and-ladies) - Plant ARECALES (palms), eg: Trachycarpus fortunei (Chusan Palm) - Cut end of log showing thickness of ASPARAGALES (orchids, onions & irises), eg: Orchis mascula (Early Purple Orchid, Early-purple Orchid) - Plant - in situ DIOSCOREALES (bog asphodels & black bryonies), eg: Narthecium ossifragum (Bog Asphodel) - Inflorescence - top view LILIALES (lilies), eg: Lilium martagon (Martagon Lily) - Plant POALES (grasses, sedges & rushes), eg: Luzula pilosa (Hairy Woodrush) - Plant ZINGIBERALES (gingers), eg: Hedychium gardnerianum (Ginger Lily) - Plant - in greenhouse display
Subclass 341 subtaxa 239 ident refs
ALISMATALES R.Br. ex Bercht. & J.Presl, 1820 (pond plants)
ALISMATACEAE (water-plantains), eg: Alisma plantago-aquatica (Water-plantain) - Plant with floating and emergent leaves APONOGETONACEAE (Cape pondweeds), eg: Aponogeton distachyos (Cape Pondweed, Cape-pondweed) - Leaves and flowers on pond surface ARACEAE (lords-and-ladies), eg: Arum maculatum (Cuckoo Pint, Lords and Ladies, Lords-and-ladies) - Plant BUTOMACEAE (flowering rushes), eg: Butomus umbellatus (Flowering-rush) - Flower HYDROCHARITACEAE (waterweeds), eg: Hydrocharis morsus-ranae (Frogbit) - Flower - oblique view - in situ JUNCAGINACEAE (arrowgrasses), eg: Triglochin maritimum (Sea Arrowgrass) - Fertilised flower POTAMOGETONACEAE (pondweeds), eg: Potamogeton pusillus (Lesser Pondweed) - Plant ZOSTERACEAE (eelgrasses), eg: Zostera (Zostera) marina (Eelgrass) - In situ - leaf tips
Order 33 subtaxa 43 ident refs
NARTHECIACEAE (bog asphodels) Family 1 subtaxon  
Narthecium ossifragum (L.) Huds. (Bog Asphodel)
Inflorescence - top view
Species    
NYMPHAEACEAE (water lilies)
Nuphar (lesser water lilies), eg: Nuphar lutea (Yellow Water-lily) - Floating on water surface Nymphaea (water lilies), eg: Nymphaea alba (White Water-lily) - Flower and leaf - close-up
Family 2 subtaxa 5 ident refs

Suggested Literature

(Herbaceous Plants) may be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 21341 feeding and other relationships of (Herbaceous Plants) (herbaceous plants)

Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.