BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

AGARICACEAE Chevall. (mushrooms, dapperlings and parasols)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Family)

Agaricus L. (true mushrooms)
Agaricus arvensis (Horse Mushroom), eg: Agaricus arvensis (Horse Mushroom) - Fruitbody - mature - in situ Agaricus augustus (The Prince), eg: Agaricus augustus (The Prince) - Fruitbody - turned over to show gills and stipe Agaricus bernardii (a mushroom), eg: Agaricus bernardii (a mushroom) - Fruitbody - lain down to show ripe gills Agaricus bisporus (Cultivated Mushroom), eg: Agaricus bisporus (Cultivated Mushroom) - Mushrooms in mushroom farm Agaricus bitorquis (a mushroom), eg: Agaricus bitorquis (a mushroom) - Fruitbody - to view - in situ Agaricus campestris (Field Mushroom), eg: Agaricus campestris var. campestris (Field Mushroom) - Fruitbody - in situ - side view Agaricus dulcidulus (Rosy Wood Mushroom), eg: Agaricus dulcidulus (Rosy Wood Mushroom) - Fruitbody - young Agaricus impudicus (a mushroom), eg: Agaricus impudicus (a mushroom) - Fruitbody Agaricus langei (Scaly Wood Mushroom), eg: Agaricus langei (Scaly Wood Mushroom) - Fruitbody - young - lain down - side view Agaricus moelleri (Inky Mushroom), eg: Agaricus moelleri (Inky Mushroom) - Cap - in situ Agaricus silvaticus (Blushing Wood Mushroom), eg: Agaricus silvaticus (Blushing Wood Mushroom) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe - lain down Agaricus subperonatus (a mushroom), eg: Agaricus subperonatus (a mushroom) - Fruitbody - side view Agaricus urinascens (Macro Mushroom), eg: Agaricus urinascens var. urinascens (Macro Mushroom) - Fruitbody - young - lain down - side view Agaricus xanthodermus (Yellow Stainer), eg: Agaricus xanthodermus (Yellow Stainer) - Fruitbody - young - side view showing stipe and ring - lain down
Genus 25 subtaxa 34 ident refs
Allopsalliota geesterani (Bas & Heinem.) Nauta & Bas (a mushroom) Species   5 ident refs
Battarrea phalloides (Dicks.) Pers. (Sandy Stiltball) Species   7 ident refs
Bovista Pers. (bovists, balloon fungi)
Bovista nigrescens (Brown Puffball, Brown Balloon), eg: Bovista nigrescens (Brown Puffball, Brown Balloon) - Capillitium Bovista plumbea (Grey Puffball, Lead Balloon), eg: Bovista plumbea (Grey Puffball, Lead Balloon) - Oblique view
Genus 2 subtaxa 1 ident refs
Bovistella radicata (Durieu & Mont.) Pat. (Rooting Puffball) Species   2 ident refs
Calvatia gigantea (Batsch) Lloyd (Giant Puffball)
Fruitbody
Species   1 ident refs
Chamaemyces fracidus (Fr.) Donk (Dewdrop Dapperling)
Fruitbody - side view - lain down
Species   2 ident refs
Chlorophyllum Massee (a genus of parasols)
Chlorophyllum olivieri (a parasol), eg: Chlorophyllum olivieri (a parasol) - Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ
Genus 4 subtaxa 6 ident refs
Coprinus Pers. (inkcaps)
Coprinus comatus (Shaggy Inkcap, Lawyer’S Wig), eg: Coprinus comatus (Shaggy Inkcap, Lawyer’S Wig) - Cap apex Coprinus cordisporus (an inkcap), eg: Coprinus cordisporus (an inkcap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Coprinus ephemeroides (an inkcap), eg: Coprinus ephemeroides (an inkcap) - Fruitbody - young - side view - in situ Coprinus foetidellus (an inkcap), eg: Coprinus foetidellus (an inkcap) - Fruitbody - button - side view - in situ Unidentified Coprinus (Unidentified Inkcaps), eg: Unidentified Coprinus (Unidentified Inkcaps) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Genus 11 subtaxa 16 ident refs
Crucibulum laeve (Huds.) Kambly (Common Bird's Nest)
Fruitbody
Species    
Cyathus olla (Batsch) Pers. (Field Bird's Nest)
Fruitbody - top view - in situ
Species   1 ident refs
Cyathus stercoreus (Schwein.) De Toni (Dung Bird's Nest) Species   2 ident refs
Cyathus striatus (Huds.) Pers. (Fluted Bird’S-nest, Fluted Bird's Nest)
Massed fruitbodies - in situ
Species   1 ident refs
Cystoderma Fayod (powdercaps)
Cystoderma amianthinum (Earthy Powdercap), eg: Cystoderma amianthinum (Earthy Powdercap) - Cap sphaerocysts Cystoderma carcharias (Pearly Powdercap), eg: Cystoderma carcharias (Pearly Powdercap) - Sphaerocysts from cap Cystoderma cinnabarinum (a powdercap), eg: Cystoderma cinnabarinum (a powdercap) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Cystoderma granulosum (a powdercap), eg: Cystoderma granulosum (a powdercap) - Fruitbody - young - side view - in situ
Genus 4 subtaxa 4 ident refs
Cystolepiota Singer (a genus of dapperlings)
Cystolepiota adulterina (a dapperling), eg: Cystolepiota adulterina (a dapperling) - Sphaerocysts from cap Cystolepiota bucknallii (Lilac Dapperling), eg: Cystolepiota bucknallii (Lilac Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Cystolepiota cystidiosa (a dapperling), eg: Cystolepiota cystidiosa (a dapperling) - In situ - lateral view Cystolepiota hetieri (a dapperling), eg: Cystolepiota hetieri (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Cystolepiota seminuda (Bearded Dapperling), eg: Cystolepiota seminuda (Bearded Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ - base exposed
Genus 7 subtaxa 4 ident refs
Handkea excipuliformis (Scop.) Kreisel (Pestle Puffball)
Side view - in situ
Species   2 ident refs
Handkea utriformis (Bull.) Pers. (Mosaic Puffball)
Fruitbody - side view
Species   1 ident refs
Lepiota (Pers.) Gray (a genus of dapperlings)
Lepiota aspera (Freckled Dapperling), eg: Lepiota aspera (Freckled Dapperling) - Fruitbody - young - side view showing ring - lain down Lepiota bickhamensis (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota bickhamensis (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Lepiota boudieri (Girdled Dapperling), eg: Lepiota boudieri (Girdled Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Lepiota brunneoincarnata (Deadly Dapperling), eg: Lepiota brunneoincarnata (Deadly Dapperling) - Cap Lepiota castanea (Chestnut Dapperling), eg: Lepiota castanea (Chestnut Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Lepiota cristata (Stinking Dapperling), eg: Lepiota cristata (Stinking Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Lepiota erminea (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota erminea (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Lepiota felina (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota felina (a dapperling) - Cap setule Lepiota grangei (Green Dapperling), eg: Lepiota grangei (Green Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view Lepiota ignivolvata (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota ignivolvata (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - young - side view showing ring with brown band - lain down Lepiota magnispora (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota magnispora (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Lepiota oreadiformis (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota oreadiformis (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - young - in situ - side view Lepiota pseudolilacea (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota pseudolilacea (a dapperling) - Cap top view Lepiota subgracilis (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota subgracilis (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Lepiota subincarnata (Fatal Dapperling), eg: Lepiota subincarnata (Fatal Dapperling) - Cap Lepiota xanthophylla (a dapperling), eg: Lepiota xanthophylla (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Genus 26 subtaxa 22 ident refs
Leucoagaricus (Locq.) Singer (a genus of dapperlings)
Leucoagaricus georginae (a dapperling), eg: Leucoagaricus georginae (a dapperling) - Fruitbody Leucoagaricus leucothites (White Dapperling), eg: Leucoagaricus leucothites (White Dapperling) - Gills, cap margin, ring and stipe apex - close-up Leucoagaricus sericifer (a dapperling), eg: Leucoagaricus sericifer (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills and ring - lain down
Genus 18 subtaxa 27 ident refs
Leucocoprinus Pat. (a genus of dapperlings)
Leucocoprinus brebissonii (Skullcap Dapperling), eg: Leucocoprinus brebissonii (Skullcap Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Genus 5 subtaxa 6 ident refs
Lycoperdon Pers. (a genus of puffballs)
Lycoperdon echinatum (Spiny Puffball, Hedgehog Puffball), eg: Lycoperdon echinatum (Spiny Puffball, Hedgehog Puffball) - Fruitbody - side view Lycoperdon lividum (Grassland Puffball), eg: Lycoperdon lividum (Grassland Puffball) - Fruitbody - lain down - side view Lycoperdon mammiforme (Flaky Puffball), eg: Lycoperdon mammiforme (Flaky Puffball) - Fruitbodies -  unripe and young - side views Lycoperdon nigrescens (Dusky Puffball), eg: Lycoperdon nigrescens (Dusky Puffball) - Side view - lain down Lycoperdon perlatum (Common Puffball), eg: Lycoperdon perlatum (Common Puffball) - Peridial spines - cap Lycoperdon pyriforme (Stump Puffball), eg: Lycoperdon pyriforme (Stump Puffball) - In situ Unidentified Lycoperdon (Unidentified A Genus Of Puffballs), eg: Unidentified Lycoperdon (Unidentified A Genus Of Puffballs) - Fruitbody - side view
Genus 7 subtaxa 4 ident refs
Macrolepiota Singer (a genus of parasols)
Macrolepiota fuligineosquarrosa (a parasol), eg: Macrolepiota fuligineosquarrosa (a parasol) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Macrolepiota fuliginosa (a parasol), eg: Macrolepiota fuliginosa (a parasol) - Fruitbody - side view Macrolepiota konradii (a parasol), eg: Macrolepiota konradii (a parasol) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ - base exposed Macrolepiota procera (Parasol), eg: Macrolepiota procera var. procera (Parasol, Parasol Mushroom) - Cap - top view
Genus 6 subtaxa 5 ident refs
Melanophyllum Velen. (a genus of dapperlings)
Melanophyllum eyrei (Greenspored Dapperling), eg: Melanophyllum eyrei (Greenspored Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe - lain down Melanophyllum haematospermum (Redspored Dapperling), eg: Melanophyllum haematospermum (Redspored Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ
Genus 2 subtaxa 2 ident refs
Mycenastrum corium (Guers.) Desv (a basidiomycete) Species   2 ident refs
Phaeolepiota aurea (Matt.) Konrad & Maubl. (Golden Bootleg) Species   3 ident refs
Queletia mirabilis Fr. (Quelet's Stalk Puffball) Species   1 ident refs
Tulostoma Pers. (stalkballs)
Tulostoma brumale (Winter Stalkball), eg: Tulostoma brumale (Winter Stalkball) - Fruitbodies - lain down and in situ
Genus 2 subtaxa 5 ident refs
Vascellum pratense (Pers.) Kreisel (Meadow Puffball)
Fruitbodies
Species   1 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Bon, M., 1995 (Lepiotaceae) Les Lepiotes
Bon, M, 1981 (Lepiotaceae) Clé Monographique des "Lepiotes" D'Europe
Breitenbach J., & Kränzlin F., 1995 Agarics, 2nd part
Breitenbach J., & Kränzlin F., 1995 Agarics, 2nd part
Candusso, M. & Lanzoni, G., 1990 (Lepioa sl.) Lepiota s.l.
Kühner, R. & Romagnesi, H., 1956 Compléments a la "Flore analytique"
VII) Espéces nouvelles, critiques ou rares de Naucoriacées, Copriniacées et Lepiotacées
Kühner, R. & Romagnesi, H., 1956 (Mainly Lepiotaceae) Compléments a la "Flore analytique"
VII) Espéces nouvelles, critiques ou rares de Naucoriacées, Copriniacées et Lepiotacées
Nauta, M.M., 2001 Allopsalliota Nauta & Bas
Noordeloos, M.E., Kuyper, T.W. & Vellinga, E.C., 2005 Flora Agaricina Neerlandica 6
Noordeloos, M.E., Kuyper, Th.W., Vellinga, E.C., 2001 (A modern treatment of Agaricus sl. by M. M. Nauta and of Lepiota sl by E. C. Vellinga.) Flora Agaricina Neerlandica 5
Vellinga, E.C., 2001 Agaricaceae (Fr.) Cohn (Key to genera)

Dung fungi

Richardson, M.J. & Watling, R., 1997 Keys to Fungi on Dung

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 39 general literature references to AGARICACEAE (mushrooms, dapperlings and parasols)

AGARICACEAE may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
BASIDIOMYCOTA
(spore droppers)
AGARICOMYCETES
(a class of fungi)
AGARICALES
(mushrooms and toadstools)
Macromycetes (via Agaricales) Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 460 feeding and other relationships of AGARICACEAE (mushrooms, dapperlings and parasols)

Further Information

Curation Most can be dried in the normal way, but species which autodigest too quickly can be placed in the air stream from a fan heater for fast, effective results.
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