BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

AGARICALES Underw. (mushrooms and toadstools)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Order)

AGARICACEAE Chevall. (mushrooms, dapperlings and parasols)
Agaricus (true mushrooms), eg: Agaricus silvaticus (Blushing Wood Mushroom) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe - lain down Bovista (bovists, balloon fungi), eg: Bovista plumbea (Grey Puffball, Lead Balloon) - Oblique view Calvatia gigantea (Giant Puffball), eg: Calvatia gigantea (Giant Puffball) - Fruitbody Chamaemyces fracidus (Dewdrop Dapperling), eg: Chamaemyces fracidus (Dewdrop Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Chlorophyllum (a genus of parasols), eg: Chlorophyllum olivieri (a parasol) - Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ Coprinus (inkcaps), eg: Coprinus comatus (Shaggy Inkcap, Lawyer’S Wig) - Cap apex Crucibulum laeve (Common Bird's Nest), eg: Crucibulum laeve (Common Bird's Nest) - Fruitbody Cyathus (a genus of bird's nest fungi), eg: Cyathus striatus (Fluted Bird’S-nest, Fluted Bird's Nest) - Top view - in situ Cystoderma (powdercaps), eg: Cystoderma amianthinum (Earthy Powdercap) - Cap sphaerocysts Cystolepiota (a genus of dapperlings), eg: Cystolepiota adulterina (a dapperling) - Sphaerocysts from cap Handkea excipuliformis (Pestle Puffball), eg: Handkea excipuliformis (Pestle Puffball) - Side view - in situ Handkea utriformis (Mosaic Puffball), eg: Handkea utriformis (Mosaic Puffball) - Fruitbody - side view Lepiota (a genus of dapperlings), eg: Lepiota brunneoincarnata (Deadly Dapperling) - Cap Leucoagaricus (a genus of dapperlings), eg: Leucoagaricus sericifer (a dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills and ring - lain down Leucocoprinus (a genus of dapperlings), eg: Leucocoprinus brebissonii (Skullcap Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Lycoperdon (a genus of puffballs), eg: Lycoperdon perlatum (Common Puffball) - Peridial spines - cap Macrolepiota (a genus of parasols), eg: Macrolepiota fuliginosa (a parasol) - Fruitbody - side view Melanophyllum (a genus of dapperlings), eg: Melanophyllum haematospermum (Redspored Dapperling) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Tulostoma (stalkballs), eg: Tulostoma brumale (Winter Stalkball) - Fruitbodies - lain down and in situ Vascellum pratense (Meadow Puffball), eg: Vascellum pratense (Meadow Puffball) - Fruitbodies
Family 134 subtaxa 177 ident refs
AMANITACEAE R. Heim ex Pouzar (a family of fungi)
Amanita (grisettes and amanitas), eg: Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric) - Cap - top view
Family 36 subtaxa 53 ident refs
BOLBITIACEAE Singer (fieldcap and conecap toadstools)
Bolbitius (a genus of fieldcap toadstools), eg: Bolbitius titubans var. titubans (Yellow Fieldcap) - Cap - top view - in situ Conocybe (conecap toadstools), eg: Conocybe pubescens (a conecap) - Fruitbody - lain down Pholiotina (ringed conecaps), eg: Conocybe brunnea (a conecap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down
Family 35 subtaxa 40 ident refs
CLAVARIACEAE Chevall. (fairy clubs)
Clavaria (a genus of fairy clubs), eg: Clavaria greletii (Dark Club) - Fruitbody - lain down Clavulinopsis (a genus of fairy clubs), eg: Clavulinopsis corniculata (Meadow Coral) - Fruitbody - side view Mucronella calva (a tooth fungus), eg: Mucronella calva (a tooth fungus) - Fruitbody Ramariopsis (a genus of fairy clubs and coral fungi), eg: Ramariopsis pulchella (a fairy club) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down
Family 28 subtaxa 33 ident refs
CORTINARIACEAE R. Heim ex Pouzar (webcaps, rootshanks and the gypsy)
Cortinarius (webcap toadstools), eg: Cortinarius calochrous var. parvus (a webcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing cap Rozites caperatus (The Gypsy), eg: Rozites caperatus (The Gypsy) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down
Family 114 subtaxa 119 ident refs
CYPHELLACEAE Lotsy (a family of cyphelloid fungi) Family 2 subtaxa  
Cheimonophyllum candidissimum (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Singer (an ear fungus) Species   2 ident refs
Chondrostereum purpureum (Pers.) Pouzar (Silverleaf Fungus)
Fruitbody - in situ
Species   2 ident refs
ENTOLOMATACEAE Kotl. & Pouzar (pinkgills)
Clitopilus (a genus of toadstools), eg: Clitopilus prunulus (The Miller) - Fruitbody - in situ among Rockrose - oblique view Entoloma (pinkgills), eg: Entoloma chalybeum var. chalybeum (Indigo Pinkgill) - Fruitbodies - side view  - in situ Rhodocybe (a genus of toadstools), eg: Rhodocybe melleopallens (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - lain down to show gills and stipe
Family 90 subtaxa 83 ident refs
FISTULINACEAE Lotsy (a family of bracket fungi) Family 1 subtaxon  
Fistulina hepatica (Schaeff.) With. (Beefsteak Fungus)
Fruitbody - in situ
Species    
HYDNANGIACEAE Gäum. & C.W. Dodge (a family of toadstools)
Laccaria (deceiver toadstools), eg: Laccaria amethystina (Amethyst Deceiver) - Toadstool - top view of cap
Family 8 subtaxa 12 ident refs
HYGROPHORACEAE Lotsy (waxcaps and woodwaxes)
Ampulloclitocybe clavipes (Club Foot), eg: Ampulloclitocybe clavipes (Club Foot) - Cap - in situ Camarophyllopsis (fanvaults), eg: Camarophyllopsis micacea (a fanvault) - Fruitbodies lain down to show gills and stipes Hodophilus (a genus of fanvaults), eg: Unidentified Hodophilus (Unidentified A Genus Of Fanvaults) - Fruitbody lain down to show cap Hygrocybe (waxcaps, waxcap mushrooms), eg: Hygrocybe citrinovirens (Citrine Waxcap) - Fruitbodies - lain down to show cap and stipe Hygrophorus (woodwax toadstools), eg: Hygrophorus chrysodon (Gold Flecked Woodwax) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Lichenomphalia (basidiolichen toadstools), eg: Lichenomphalia umbellifera (Heath Navel) - Fruitbodies - top view
Family 70 subtaxa 64 ident refs
INOCYBACEAE Jülich (a family of toadstools)
Chromocyphella muscicola (a cyphellaceous fungus), eg: Chromocyphella muscicola (a cyphellaceous fungus) - Fruitbody - cap view - close-up Crepidotus (oysterlings), eg: Crepidotus caspari (an oysterling) - Fruitbody - in situ - top view Flammulaster (a genus of toadstools), eg: Flammulaster carpophilus var. subincarnatus (a toadstool) - Cap spherocysts Inocybe (fibrecap toadstools), eg: Inocybe leptophylla (a toadstool) - Cap Phaeomarasmius (a genus of toadstools), eg: Phaeomarasmius erinaceus (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - underside view showing gills and stipe - in situ Simocybe (a genus of twiglet toadstools), eg: Simocybe haustellaris (a twiglet) - Cap underside Tubaria (a genus of twiglet toadstools), eg: Tubaria furfuracea (Scurfy Twiglet) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe - lain down
Family 81 subtaxa 86 ident refs
LYOPHYLLACEAE Jülich (a family of toadstools)
Asterophora (piggyback or pick-a-back toadstools), eg: Asterophora parasitica (Silky Piggyback) - Fruitbody - underside showing gills and stipe - in situ Calocybe (domecaps), eg: Calocybe ionides (Violet Domecap) - Fruitbody - side view showing stipe and gills - lain down Lyophyllum (domecap toadstools), eg: Lyophyllum decastes (Clustered Domecap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Ossicaulis lignatilis (Mealy Oyster), eg: Ossicaulis lignatilis (Mealy Oyster) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Tephrocybe (greyling toadstools), eg: Tephrocybe palustris (Sphagnum Greyling) - Cap
Family 30 subtaxa 33 ident refs
MARASMIACEAE Roze ex Kühner (a family of toadstools)
Baeospora myosura (Conifercone Cap), eg: Baeospora myosura (Conifercone Cap) - Gills Calyptella (a genus of cyphelloid fungi), eg: Calyptella capula (a cyphelloid fungus) - Fruitbodies - close-up Campanella (a genus of toadstools), eg: Campanella caesia (an oyster) - Fruitbody - top view - close-up Crinipellis scabella (Hairy Parachute), eg: Crinipellis scabella (Hairy Parachute) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Gymnopus (a genus of toughshank toadstools), eg: Gymnopus obscuroides (a toadstool) - Fruitbodies - in situ - top view Henningsomyces (a genus of fungi), eg: Henningsomyces candidus (a basidiomycete fungus) - Fruitbodies Hydropus (a genus of toadstools), eg: Hydropus floccipes (a toadstool) - Cheilocystidium Macrocystidia cucumis (Cucumber Cap), eg: Macrocystidia cucumis (Cucumber Cap) - Cap - in situ Marasmiellus (a genus of parachute toadstools), eg: Marasmiellus ramealis (Twig Parachute) - Fruitbody - underside Marasmius (a genus of parachute toadstools), eg: Marasmius cohaerens (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - side view Megacollybia platyphylla (Whitelaced Shank), eg: Megacollybia platyphylla (Whitelaced Shank) - Cap - oblique view Omphalotus illudens (Jack O’Lantern), eg: Omphalotus illudens (Jack O’Lantern) - Underside Rhodocollybia (a genus of toughshank toadstools), eg: Rhodocollybia maculata (Spotted Toughshank) - Fruitbody - side view
Family 47 subtaxa 82 ident refs
MYCENACEAE Overeem (bonnt toadstools and their allies)
Hemimycena (a genus of bonnet toadstools), eg: Hemimycena tortuosa (Dewdrop Bonnet) - Fruitbody - underside showing gills Mycena (a genus of bonnet toadstools), eg: Mycena chlorantha (a bonnet) - Fruitbody - side view Panellus (a genus of oysterling toadstools), eg: Panellus serotinus (Olive Oysterling) - Cap Resinomycena saccharifera (a toadstool), eg: Resinomycena saccharifera (a toadstool) - Three fruitbodies
Family 61 subtaxa 63 ident refs
NIACEAE Jülich (a family of marine basidiomycetes)
Lachnella (a genus of cyphelloid fungi), eg: Lachnella villosa (a cyphelloid fungus) - Fruitbodies - top view Merismodes (a genus of cyphelloid basidiomycetes), eg: Merismodes anomala (a cyphelloid basidiomycete) - Colony - dry
Family 8 subtaxa 5 ident refs
NIDULARIACEAE Dumort. (bird's nest fungi) Family   2 ident refs
Panaeolina foenisecii (Pers.) Maire (Brown Mottlegill, Haymaker)
Fruitbody - side view - in situ - base exposed
Species   2 ident refs
Panaeolus (Fr.) Quél. (mottlegill toadstools)
Panaeolus acuminatus (Dewdrop Mottlegill), eg: Panaeolus acuminatus (Dewdrop Mottlegill) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Panaeolus fimicola (Turf Mottlegill), eg: Panaeolus fimicola (Turf Mottlegill) - Fruitbody - side view Panaeolus papilionaceus (Petticoat Mottlegill), eg: Panaeolus papilionaceus var. papilionaceus (Petticoat Mottlegill) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Panaeolus semiovatus (Egghead Mottlegill), eg: Panaeolus semiovatus var. semiovatus (Egghead Mottlegill) - In situ
Genus 7 subtaxa 7 ident refs
PHYSALACRIACEAE Corner (a family of chanterelles)
Armillaria (honey fungi), eg: Armillaria tabescens (Ringless Honey Fungus) - Fruitbody cluster - oblique view Flammulina (velvet shanks), eg: Flammulina velutipes var. velutipes (Velvet Shank, Winter Fungus) - Fruitbodies - top view - in situ Oudemansiella (a genus of toadstools), eg: Oudemansiella mucida (Porcelain Toadstool, Porcelain Fungus, Poached Egg Toadstool) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - in situ Rhodotus palmatus (Wrinkled Peach), eg: Rhodotus palmatus (Wrinkled Peach) - Cap Strobilurus (cone cap toadstools), eg: Strobilurus tenacellus (Pinecone Cap) - Cap Xerula (a genus of toadstools), eg: Xerula radicata (Rooting Shank) - Young fruitbody - side view
Family 21 subtaxa 46 ident refs
PLEUROTACEAE Kühner (oyster fungi)
Hohenbuehelia (a genus of oyster fungi), eg: Hohenbuehelia auriscalpium (Spatula Oyster) - Fruitbody - top view Pleurotus (oyster fungi), eg: Pleurotus dryinus (Veiled Oyster) - Fruitbody - top view - lain down
Family 11 subtaxa 23 ident refs
Plicatura crispa (Pers.) Rea (a basidiomycete fungus) Species   3 ident refs
Plicatura nivea (Sommerf.) P. Karst. (a basidiomycete fungus) Species   1 ident refs
PLUTEACEAE Kotl. & Pouzar (a family of toadstools)
Pluteus (shield toadstools), eg: Pluteus leoninus (Lion Shield) - Cap - half dry Volvariella (rosegill toadstools), eg: Volvariella reidii (a rosegill) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down
Family 30 subtaxa 59 ident refs
PSATHYRELLACEAE (Singer) Vilgalys, Moncalvo & Redhead (a family of inkcap and brittlestem toadstools)
Coprinellus (a genus of inkcaps), eg: Coprinellus domesticus (Firerug Inkcap) - Fruitbody - oblique view - in situ Coprinopsis (a genus of inkcaps), eg: Coprinopsis picacea (Magpie Inkcap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Lacrymaria (Bot.) (weeping widow toadstools), eg: Lacrymaria lacrymabunda (Weeping Widow) - Fruitbody - side view Parasola (pleated inkcaps), eg: Parasola plicatilis (Pleated Inkcap, Little Japanese Umbrella) - Cap Psathyrella (brittlestem toadstools), eg: Psathyrella pygmaea (a brittlestem) - Cap - in situ
Family 120 subtaxa 166 ident refs
PTERULACEAE Corner (a family of coral fungi)
Pterula (a genus of coral fungi), eg: Pterula caricis-pendulae (a coral fungus) - Fruitbodies Radulomyces (a genus of resupinate basidiomycetes), eg: Radulomyces confluens (a resupinate fungus) - Fruitbody
Family 8 subtaxa 11 ident refs
SCHIZOPHYLLACEAE Quél. (a family of basidiomycete fungi)
Schizophyllum amplum (a basidiomycete fungus), eg: Schizophyllum amplum (a basidiomycete fungus) - Thick-walled hairs from top surface Schizophyllum commune (Splitgill, Common Porecrust), eg: Schizophyllum commune (Splitgill, Common Porecrust) - Fruitbody - half dry - underside view
Family 4 subtaxa 6 ident refs
STROPHARIACEAE Singer & A.H. Sm. (a family of toadstools)
Agrocybe (a genus of fieldcap toadstools), eg: Agrocybe paludosa (a fieldcap) - Cap - oblique view - in situ Galerina (bell toadstools), eg: Galerina salicicola (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - side view Gymnopilus (rustgill toadstools), eg: Gymnopilus dilepis (a rustgill) - Fruitbody - young showing veil over intact ring Hebeloma (poisonpie toadstools), eg: Hebeloma mesophaeum (Veiled Poisonpie) - Cap - oblique view - in situ Hypholoma (a genus of brownie toadstools), eg: Hypholoma lateritium (Brick Tuft) - Fruitbodies - side view Kuehneromyces (a genus of woodtuft toadstools), eg: Kuehneromyces mutabilis (Sheathed Woodtuft, Velvet Tough-shank) - Fruitbodies - young - top view - in situ Leratiomyces (a genus of roundheads), eg: Leratiomyces squamosus var. squamosus (Scaly Stropharia) - Cap Melanotus (Bot.) (a genus of oysterling toadstools), eg: Melanotus horizontalis (Wood Oysterling) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Naucoria (aldercap toadstools), eg: Naucoria luteolofibrillosa (an aldercap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Phaeogalera (a genus of toadstools), eg: Phaeogalera dissimulans (a toadstool) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Pholiota (scalycap toadstools), eg: Pholiota adiposa (a scalycap) - Fruitbody - young Psilocybe (a genus of brownie toadstools), eg: Psilocybe coprophila (a brownie) - Fruitbody - cap and stipe Stropharia (roundhead toadstools), eg: Stropharia caerulea (Blue Roundhead) - Cap - young - in situ
Family 119 subtaxa 172 ident refs
TRICHOLOMATACEAE R. Heim ex Pouzar (a family of toadstools)
Arrhenia (a genus of toadstools), eg: Arrhenia peltigerina (a lichenicolous toadstool) - Fruitbody - underside view showing gills Clitocybe (funnel caps), eg: Clitocybe rivulosa (Fool's Funnel) - Cap - dry Collybia (shanklet toadstools), eg: Collybia confluens (Clustered Toughshank) - Cap underside Dendrocollybia racemosa (Branched Shanklet), eg: Dendrocollybia racemosa (Branched Shanklet) - Caps and conidiophores - in situ Dermoloma (a genus of toadstools), eg: Dermoloma cuneifolium (Crazed Cap) - Cap Gamundia striatula (a toadstool), eg: Gamundia striatula (a toadstool) - Fruitbodies Lepista (a genus of toadstools), eg: Lepista irina (Flowery Blewits) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap Leucopaxillus (a genus of funnels), eg: Leucopaxillus giganteus (Giant Funnel) - Fruitbodies - lain down to show gills and stipe Melanoleuca (cavalier toadstools), eg: Melanoleuca polioleuca (Common Cavalier) - Cap Mycenella (a genus of toadstools), eg: Mycenella rubropunctata (a toadstool) - Cap Omphalina (navel toadstools), eg: Omphalina pyxidata (a navel, Omphalina patch (causative organism)) - Cap - top view Porpoloma (meadowcap toadstools), eg: Porpoloma metapodium (Mealy Meadowcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing cap Pseudoclitocybe (a genus of toadstools), eg: Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis (Goblet) - Cap - in situ Resupinatus (a genus of oysterling fungi), eg: Resupinatus applicatus (Smoked Oysterling) - Fruitbody - underside Ripartites (seamine toadstools), eg: Ripartites tricholoma (Bearded Seamine) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Squamanita (strangler toadstools), eg: Squamanita paradoxa (Powdercap Strangler) - Cap - close-up Tricholoma (knight toadstools), eg: Tricholoma fulvum (Birch Knight) - Fruitbody - side view Tricholomopsis (custard toadstools), eg: Tricholomopsis decora (Prunes and Custard) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills
Family 160 subtaxa 242 ident refs
TYPHULACEAE Jülich (a family of minute club fungi)
Macrotyphula fistulosa (Pipe Club), eg: Macrotyphula fistulosa var. contorta (a pipe club) - Fruitbodies - grazed - in situ Macrotyphula juncea (Slender Club), eg: Macrotyphula juncea (Slender Club) - Fruitbodies - in situ Typhula (a genus of minute club fungi), eg: Typhula erythropus (Redleg Club) - Fruitbody
Family 10 subtaxa 9 ident refs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Gruppo Micologico <<G. Bresadola>> di Trento - image gallery: http://www.mtsn.tn.it/bresadola/gallery_index.asp Gruppo Micologico <<G. Bresadola>> di Trento - image gallery
Swedish Fungi: http://swefungi.se/swindex.html Swedish Fungi
Bon, M., 1997 Clitocybes, Omphales et ressemblants
Bon, M., 1999 Les Collybio-Marasmioides et ressemblants
Bresadola, G., 1927 Iconographia Mycologica
Dam, N., Kuyper, T.W., 2013 Veldgids Paddenstoelen: Plaatjeszwammen en Boleten
Henderson, D.M., Orton, P.D. & Watling, R., 1969 Agarics and Boleti - Introduction
Lange, J.E., 1935 Flora Agaricina Danica (5 volumes)
Marchand, A., 1971 Champignons du Nord et du Midi (9 volumes)
McAdam, A., 2007 Keys to the genera of Agarics and Boletes
Machiel's Website: http://www.entoloma.nl/ Machiel's Website
Orton, P.D., 1960 New Checklist of British Agarics and Boleti - Part III: Notes on genera and species in the list
Morphing Mushroom Identifier: http://www.mycokey.com/newMycoKeySite/MycoKeyIdentQuick.html Morphing Mushroom Identifier

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 401 general literature references to AGARICALES (mushrooms and toadstools)

AGARICALES may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
BASIDIOMYCOTA
(spore droppers)
AGARICOMYCETES
(a class of fungi)
Macromycetes (via Agaricales) Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 5843 feeding and other relationships of AGARICALES (mushrooms and toadstools)

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