BioImages: The Virtual Field-Guide (UK)

Hygrocybe (Fr.) P. Kumm. (waxcaps, waxcap mushrooms)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Cuphophyllus (Donk) Bon (a subgenus of waxcaps)
Hygrocybe colemanniana (Toasted Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe colemanniana (Toasted Waxcap) - Fruitbody - underside showing stipe Hygrocybe flavipes (Yellow-foot Waxcap, Yellow Foot Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe flavipes (Yellow-foot Waxcap, Yellow Foot Waxcap) - Fruitbody - lain down to show gills and stipe Hygrocybe pratensis (Meadow Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe pratensis var. pratensis (Meadow Waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - upturned Hygrocybe radiata (Slender Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe radiata (Slender Waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills and stipe Hygrocybe russocoriacea (Cedarwood Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe russocoriacea (Cedarwood Waxcap) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Hygrocybe virginea (Snowy Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe virginea var. virginea (Snowy Waxcap) - Collection
Species 9 subtaxa 3 ident refs
Hygrocybe acutoconica (Clem.) Singer (a waxcap) Species 2 subtaxa  
Hygrocybe acutoconica var. acutoconica (Clem.) Singer (Persistent Waxcap)
Fruitbody - lain down to show gills and stipe
Variety   1 ident refs
Hygrocybe acutoconica var. konradii (R. Haller Aar.) Boertm. 2010 (a waxcap) Variety   1 ident refs
Hygrocybe ss. Bon (a subgenus of waxcaps)
Hygrocybe calyptriformis (Pink Waxcap, Ballerina, Pink Ballerina, or Pink Meadow-cap), eg: Hygrocybe calyptriformis var. calyptriformis (Pink Waxcap, Ballerina) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Hygrocybe chlorophana (Golden Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe chlorophana (Golden Waxcap) - Fruitbodies - top view - in situ Hygrocybe citrinovirens (Citrine Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe citrinovirens (Citrine Waxcap) - Fruitbodies - lain down to show cap and stipe Hygrocybe conica (Blackening Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe conica var. conica (Blackening Waxcap) - Fruitbodies - top view - in situ Hygrocybe conicoides (Dune Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe conicoides (Dune Waxcap) - Fruitbody - top view - in situ Hygrocybe glutinipes (Glutinous Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe glutinipes var. glutinipes (Glutinous Waxcap) - Cap - top view - close-up Hygrocybe intermedia (Fibrous Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe intermedia (Fibrous Waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills Hygrocybe spadicea (Date Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe spadicea (Date Waxcap) - Fruitbodies - in situ - close-up
Variety 10 subtaxa 9 ident refs
Pseudohygrocybe (a subgenus of waxcaps)
Hygrocybe aurantiosplendens (Orange Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe aurantiosplendens (Orange Waxcap) - Gills - gently crushed Hygrocybe calciphila (a waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe calciphila (a waxcap) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap and stipe Hygrocybe cantharellus (Goblet Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe cantharellus (Goblet Waxcap) - Fruitbody - lain down to show gills and stipe Hygrocybe ceracea (Butter Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe ceracea (Butter Waxcap) - Fruitbody - lain down to show cap and stipe Hygrocybe coccinea (Scarlet Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe coccinea (Scarlet Waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Hygrocybe fornicata (Earthy Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe fornicata var. fornicata (Earthy Waxcap) - Cap - in situ - close-up Hygrocybe ingrata (a waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe ingrata (a waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills Hygrocybe insipida (Spangle Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe insipida (Spangle Waxcap) - Cap - in situ Hygrocybe irrigata (Slimy Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe irrigata (Slimy Waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down Hygrocybe laeta (Heath Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe laeta var. laeta (Heath Waxcap) - Fruitbodies - top view - close-up - in situ Hygrocybe miniata (Vermilion Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe miniata (Vermilion Waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view - in situ Hygrocybe mucronella (Bitter Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe mucronella (Bitter Waxcap) - Fruitbody - half dry - side view - in situ Hygrocybe nitrata (Nitrous Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe nitrata (Nitrous Waxcap) - Fruitbody - damaged - lain down Hygrocybe ovina (Blushing Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe ovina (Blushing Waxcap) - Fragments with gills Hygrocybe phaeococcinea (a waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe phaeococcinea (a waxcap) - Fruitbodies - top views Hygrocybe psittacina (Parrot Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe psittacina var. psittacina (Parrot Waxcap) - Fruitbodies - top view - in situ Hygrocybe punicea (Crimson Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe punicea (Crimson Waxcap) - Fruitbody - side view - lain down Hygrocybe quieta (Oily Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe quieta (Oily Waxcap) - Fruitbody - lain down to show gills Hygrocybe reidii (Honey Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe reidii (Honey Waxcap) - Fruitbody - lain down to show stipe and gills Hygrocybe splendidissima (Splendid Waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe splendidissima (Splendid Waxcap) - Fruitbody (fragments) Hygrocybe vitellina (a waxcap), eg: Hygrocybe vitellina (a waxcap) - Cap - oblique view - in situ
Species 25 subtaxa 13 ident refs
Unidentified Hygrocybe (Unidentified Waxcaps, Waxcap Mushrooms)
Fruitbody - side view showing gills - lain down
Unidentified    

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Arnolds, E., 1990 Tribus Hygrocybeae (K├╝hner) Bas & Arnolds in FAN 2
Bas, C., Kuper, T.W., Noordeloos, M.E. & Vellinga, E.C., 1990 Flora Agaricina Neerlandica 2
Boertmann, D., 1995 The Genus Hygrocybe (1st ed)
Boertmann, D., 2010 The Genus Hygrocybe (2nd ed)
Bon, M., 1990 Hygrophoraceae
Candusso, M., 1994 Hygrophorus
Edwards, B., in prep. Field key to Dorset waxcaps
Waxcap Website: http://www.aber.ac.uk/waxcap/index.shtml Waxcap Website
Orton, P.D., 1960 New Checklist of British Agarics and Boleti - Part III: Notes on genera and species in the list
Orton, P.D., 1980 Notes on British Agarics: VII

Waxcap Grasslands

Henrici, A., 1996 Waxcap-grassland Fungi

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 26 general literature references to Hygrocybe (waxcaps, waxcap mushrooms)

Hygrocybe may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI S.S.
(true fungi)
BASIDIOMYCOTA
(spore droppers)
AGARICOMYCETES
(a class of fungi)
AGARICALES
(mushrooms and toadstools)
Gasteromycetes (via Hygrophoraceae) Macromycetes (via Agaricales) Fungi s.l.

BioInfo BioInfo (www.bioinfo.org.uk) has 83 feeding and other relationships of Hygrocybe (waxcaps, waxcap mushrooms)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) In Europe, the waxcaps are principally toadstools of unimproved grassland although in North America they are mainly found woodland. Many of our species are large and strikingly bright coloured, although the colour can be washed out by rain or bleached by sunlight.

Characterised by distant thick and waxy gills (hence "waxcap") and microscopically by long slender basidia.
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